video production terms

This includes the links, synchronization or relationships between essence media objects.Â. Electronic or physical markings on camera viewfinders and video monitors as the area that will be visible on most TV screens. ", Dissolve from one image to another that's similar in appearance or shot size. [See closeup, establishing shot, medium shot. Used to synchronize (genlock) other video sources to the same sync and color information. More strictly speaking, shots are intentional, isolated camera views which collectively comprise a scene. Also called "keying." (AGC) Camcorder circuitry that adjusts incoming signal levels automatically, alleviating excessive image brightness and distortion of loud sound. Also excellent as constant lens protector. A measurement of the stresses within the polycarbonate substrate of a Compact Disc. [See playback VCR. Illuminates relatively large area indistinctly; often created with floodlights, produces soft shadows. (longitudinal time code) Frame identification numbers encoded as an audio signal and recorded lengthwise on the edge of a tape. Smaller f-stops provide greater depth of field, i.e., more of the scene, near to far, will be in focus. What drives each different script is the fact that the script must lay out what will be said, how (scripted or interview) and by whom. Afterwards, post-production is carried out using video editing methods, which completely eliminates the need for 35mm film. Circuitry used to ensure that output signals are maintained at constant levels in the face of widely varying input signal levels. A defect on the videotape which causes a brief flash of a horizontal black line on the screen. [2] Tripod's camera mount. ], Microphone type incorporating a precharged element, eliminating need for bulky power sources. In PAL 312.5 lines at 50 Hz. A background where all corners and intersections are rounded. [2] Positioning of video and/or audio heads over a videotape's recorded signals. A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z. In reality, digital systems are not perfect and can introduce their own problems in maintaining the original signal. When the mouth moves, the words come out. [2] Usually for on-air applications, starting tape playback earlier than necessary to ensure full operating speed and stabilization. This device can "clean up" a consumer VHS video so that it meets F.C.C. From the Latin ad libitum, “in accordance with desire. Better known as technique widely practiced with music video recordings, whereby "vocalists" mime to playback of prerecorded music. Microphone with built-in amplifier, the type installed on camcorders. Metadata is pretty much all the data that cannot be seen or heard. And, when marketers are looking for a vendor, they Google video production, not film production. The creative editing process which uses copies of the camera tapes on a typically "cuts only" inexpensive editing system. [2] Presetting specific starting points of audio or video material so it's available for immediate and precise playback when required. This voltage makes the electron beam "invisible" as it moves to draw the next visible line. Second, b-roll plays a crucial role beyond just looking pretty. Manual control on sophisticated VCRs, facilitates viewing and editing precision and convenience. [See head. Used to imitate shadows of natural lighting. The quality of videotape is graded by the number of dropouts and priced accordingly. "Mit Out Sound" a slang term for silent shooting actually from the German "mit out sprechen" (without talking). Also called "critical area" and "safe title area," encompasses 80 percent of total screen. [See electret condenser.]. Imagine all dialog automatically translated (speech-to-text) and associated and linked to the spoken word.Â. All subsequent books are based on Red Book. A standard cable consisting of a central inner conductor and a cylindrical outer conductor. Incompatible with NTSC; PAL and SECAM are partially compatible. Inexpensive insurance in the event that the master is lost or damaged. [See lag.]. Additional audio sounds can also be added, like birds chirping, keys turning, doors closing, bells ringing, people laughing, etc. Audio without precisely matching visuals. Act or result of transmitting a video signal from one point to another. An acronym for Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation.Â. A unit for measuring luminous intensity. Higher the S/N the cleaner the playback. What you might not know is that just like changes can be made to video, changes can also be made to audio. A composite color video signal comprised of sync, color burst and black video. Process of assembling an edited video tape on a computerized editing system using an edit decision list. ], Three-legged camera mount offering stability and camera placement/movement consistency. (post) Any video production activity following initial recording. A system whereby a variable analog signal is broken down and encoded into discrete binary bits of ones and zeros. These cameras create images that look much closer to Hollywood movies than video, which is why they are sometimes called ‘cinema cameras,’ and the video is called ‘cinematic.’. The most common example is in broadcast weather segments where pictures of weather maps are inserted "behind" the talent. Unrehearsed, spontaneous act of speaking, performing, or otherwise improvising on-camera activity without preparation. It covers up the jump cuts that happen when the editor takes a long interview and chops it up so what is said is only what’s important. Video Production Terms and Conditions. Voltage in a video signal which corresponds to black. This system is extensively used in broadcast radio transmission because it is less prone to signal interference and retains most of the original signal quality. NTSC refers to all video systems conforming to this 525-line 30-frame-per-second signal standard. Same as "that's a wrap" to indicate that the scene or program which has been completed. [See Super-VHS. (standard play) Fastest tape speed of a VHS VCR, accommodating two-hour recordings. Blanking Interval (Horizontal & Vertical), The horizontal blanking interval is the time between the end of one scan line and the beginning of the next. Open-ended cylindrical funnel mounted on a light source to project a narrow, concentrated circle of illumination. A number used to identify compact discs in production.Â. It is also referred to as the "180-degree rule." But when it stands alone, and when it’s describing the process, it has a very specific meaning: production is the process of filming your raw video shots. Bed – A term in sound production referring to the music or ambiance sounds continuously playing in the background under speech or scenes. The intended viewers. [See time code.]. Illumination characterized by even, diffused light without shadows, highlights, or contrast. [See dissolve. There are 30 video still frames per second. Camera support mounted on wheels enabling smooth movement in any direction. A device used to correct problems related to the chroma of the video signal, as well as color balance and color noise. It's awesome Tim! Bits per Inch, usually referring to magnetic tape recording density.Â. Crossing it from one shot to the next creates an error in continuity. USA (Dallas/Ft Worth), Phone (972)-881-3200 The interference between two audio or two video signals. Component video comes in several flavors: RGB (red, green, blue), YUV (luminance, sync, and red/blue) and Y/C (luminance and chrominance). But the vast majority of video production vendors call their products videos, no matter how high-end and amazing they are, because that’s what people understand. "Combiner" device that translates a video signal into a different format -- RGB to composite. F-stops are logarithmic. Also defines type of color monitor. [See filter.]. Signal transmission system, resembling S-video concept, employed with professional videotape formats. Aligns video origination (live camera, videotape) and reproduction (monitor or receiver) sources. Theoretically absent from digital video editing. A device which splits and amplifies an audio and/or video source tape or signal to several audio/video outputs. Two fields comprise one television frame resulting in the NTSC television frame rate of approximately 30 fps. All rights reserved. ], Recipient of raw video feed (master or workprint) and recorder of edited videotape in basic player/recorder editing setup. During video recording, the video signal is usually accompanied by an audio signal. Has many disadvantages, such as the need to rewind and fast forward and the inability to insert footage without re-recording everything that follows. Top 13 Video Production Terms Marketers Need to Know, When New England's leading private schools need memorable marketing videos, they turn to us...to inspire, excite an…, Thinking of streaming a live event? N.T.S.C. More edits are made, and a new draft is delivered for inspection. There are some situations where 4k video is a good choice, and others where 4k is overkill. Why would you add them? |. If you’re comfortable calling your video a film, go ahead. Hello Tim. (high-band 8mm) Improved version of 8mm videotape format characterized by higher luminance resolution for a sharper picture. (DTV) Fusion of personal computers and home video components for elaborate videomaking capabilities rivaling those of well-financed broadcast facilities. A video system used in commercial internal installations for security, medical and educational. In TV and video, color decoding is used to derive signals required by a video monitor from the composite or Y/C signals. Video Production Terminology This document is designed to help you and your students use the same terminology in class as you will find on the ACA exam. What Should I Budget for Making a Professional Video? No to both questions. 6 Mistakes and How to Fix Them, Any other planning element specific to your video. Electronic programmer used in conjunction with VCRs/camcorders to facilitate automated videotape editing with speed, precision, and convenience. Sunny Daylight is approximately 5500 deg.K. Editing limited to immediate shifts from one scene to another, without smoother image transition capabilities such as dissolving or wiping. Black burst generators are used in editing systems "lock" the entire facility to a common signal ("house sync" or "house black"). A standard for video playback on a computer; refers to smooth-flowing, full-color video, similar to a VCR or television. Production. Where payment terms are not set out in the relevant quotation: a. Area in which all objects, located at different distances from the camera, appear in focus. Periodically videotaping a minimal number of frames over long durations of actual time. [See scene.]. (RC) Time code sent through Control-L interface permitting extremely accurate edits. A board on which script information, such as scene and shot numbers, is written. Commonly found at the beginning and end of tapes. 1865 Summit Avenue | Suite 605 By engaging in a production, unless there is a prior agreement in writing, it is understood that you agree to the following: Professional digital video formats. Plus, like a sophisticated light meter, aids in precise setting of picture's maximum brightness level for optimum contrast. [See edit. Then the client watches the draft and makes change requests. See Red BookÂ. Also called a demo reel or tape. Video signal in which luminance and synch information are recorded separately from the color information. One who indulges in the gratification of zooming in and out to the torment of viewers. You may hear some video production companies call their videos films. [2] Editing technique whereby new audio or video replaces portion(s) of existing recording. Device which allows computer text and graphics to be recorded or superimposed on video. More accurately known as Pregap 1 or Pregap 2. Red Book : Started in 1990 by Philip's and Sony, Red Book is the CD Audio standard describing audio compact discs. Number of times a screen is "redrawn" per second. The highest practical frequency which the human ear can normally hear is 20 kHz. [See filter.]. Device that converts audio and video signals into a combined RF signal suitable for reception by a standard TV. Any female socket or receptacle, usually on the backside of video and audio equipment; accepts plug for circuit connection. [See diffused light. B-roll shots can be included in the script. In post, the video is assembled per the storyboard you created as part of pre-production. Microphone type, also called "moving coil." Common component of broadcast news. Radiates a diffused, scattered blanket of light with soft, indistinct shadows. Helps separate the subject from the background. Videotaped material viewed and heard as recorded, facilitated by camcorder or VCR. [See DVE, switcher.]. Visual special effect whereby viewers see images through a perceived keyhole, heart shape, diamond -- whatever. Highly directional microphone with long "barrel," designed to pick up sound from extreme subject-to-mike distances. An overhead pole device used to position a microphone close to the actors, but out of the shot. Portions of VITC and LTC (time code) reserved for recording information of the user's choosing, e.g., date, scene numbers. Video image imperfection characterized by blurring of color borders; colors spill over defined boundaries, "run" into neighboring areas. [See incident light.]. on the CD. … Used for measuring the strength of audio and video signals. An international standard file system devised for CD-ROM discs to enable them to be read on as many computer operating systems as possible. All creative decisions and approvals are made during this process. Plano, Texas 75074 ], Defines any camera perspective between long shot and closeup, whereby subjects are viewed from medium distance. It produces pictures by creating 525 alternating lines across the TV screen for each frame of video. In film industry, refers more strictly to musical score. Used to duplicate one videotape to any number of VCRs with minimal loss of signal strength. Trade name of a high-quality special effects system similar to a chromakey switcher. [See artificial light, color temperature. Black, gray and white have no chrominance, but any colored signal has both chrominance and luminance. Many videos are composed of two types of shots: the main shot (the interview), and supplemental shots that illustrate what the interview is about. 4k cameras film at a horizontal resolution of about 4,000 pixels, which is huge. Signal to begin, end, or otherwise influence on-camera activity while recording. Assembly edits cannot be used for editing because since they erase the control track portion of the video tape. A color camera function which determines how much red, green and blue is required to produce a normal-looking white. Similar to a "photo file" in the photography profession. The higher the audio bandwidth, the better the sound fidelity. In video editing terms, rendering is the process of the computer calculating and crunching all of the different effects in each shot, and mixing down the layers of all graphics and captions on the editing timeline to produce a final single/flat video output. Remedied with cutaway. ], Image transition effect of one picture gradually disappearing as another appears. (picture in picture, p-in-p, pix in pix) Image from a second video source inset on a screen's main picture, the big and small pictures usually being interchangeable. Here we will tell you what to expect, both in terms of pricing … A system whereby the internal sync generator in a device, such as a camera, locks on to and synchronizes itself with a separate incoming signal. The sampling rate for all Compact Disc recordings is 44.1KHz. sweetening Post-production process of adding music and sound effects or otherwise enhancing the existing audio with filters and other effects. [See Hi8. [See synchronous sound.]. Defines a microphone's response to sounds arriving from various directions or angles. (super) Non-inherent titles or graphics appearing over an existing video picture, partially or completely hiding areas they cover. Electronic special effect whereby individual pixels comprising an image are blown up into larger blocks -- a kind of checkerboard effect. All pictorial material recorded by a camera. Refers to a standard method of compressing audio and video data down to 1/50th of their original size. Final contract points may vary). Measure of audio signal strength based on a logarithmic scale. [See filter.]. A video format developed by JVC which has largely replaced the 3/4 inch format for low budget productions. High-speed digitizer capable of capturing frames at rate necessary to create real-time motion. For example, your vendor might say, “During production, we’ll be using our shotgun mic on a boom pole.”. A complete list of time code numbers for each shot and sound used in the offline edit master. The color information in a video signal, consisting of hue (phase angle) and saturation (amplitude) of the color subcarrier signal. A type of SMPTE time code that continuously counts a full 30 frames per second. In video production, a “shot” means a basic unit of video narrative. What the name implies, lighting accessory available in various sizes usually made of textured gold or silver fabric. [See chrominance.]. Also called a dupe. Payment is due 14 days after the invoice date. Undesirable video display effects caused by excessive high frequency video information. [See pickup.]. Similar to Control-L, but not compatible. The more primitive form is called rust. The signal generated by the largest (11 Bit) pits on a Compact Disc. Each layer may move independently. Unlike Control-L, Control-S does not allow the controller to read tape counter information. Acronym for cable TV, derived from the older term, community antenna television. Best Video/Film Production Glossary of Terms. Follows movement, contrasts differences in size between two subjects, or gives viewer point-of-view sense of a subject's height. This text provides information about how the scenes will transition, how the camera will move, how the scene will be lit – everything you need to know to understand what each scene will look like. Opposite of wide-angle, captures magnified, closeup images from considerable distance. Single frame paused and displayed for an extended period during video playback; suspended motion perceived as still snapshot. The elementary unit for digital storage. (FX) Tricks and illusions -- electronic or on camera -- employed in film and video to define, distort, or defy reality. Sometimes marketers call them titles. Footage not to be included in final production. Radiates a well-defined directional beam of light, casting hard, distinct shadows. refers to any activity on the program that occurs prior to the time that the cameras began recording (production meetings, costume design, set production, location surveys, script … (Charge Coupled Device) Light-sensitive computer chip in video cameras that converts images into electrical flows. A smaller f-stop number corresponds to a larger opening which passes more light. A list of edits made entirely on paper by viewing Window Dub copies of the original camera tapes. This corrects for the fact that video frames occur at a rate of 29.97 per second, rather than an exact 30 frames per second (see Non-Drop Frame). A card with the actor's lines written on it to enable the actor to read or remember his lines. Text or graphics -- usually special announcements -- that move across screen horizontally, typically from bottom right to left. An electronic edit in which the existing control track is not replaced during the editing process. ¾ SP is an enhanced version. [See cutaway.]. Audio recorded with images. Senses air pressure changes in tiny gap between mike element and plate. The process of converting a continuous analog video or audio signal to digital data (ones and zeros) for computer storage. Camera view including two subjects, generally applicable to interview situations. 1) Introduction A contract is formed between a customer (referred to as the “Customer”) and Video Artisan (referred to as the “Company”) when an Order is … A close-up shot used to hide an edit or to emphasize a detail. Indicates the vertical blanking period between each video field. Type of video editing that controls the in and out points of edits by counting pulses on a control track portion of the videotape. (cookie) Lighting accessory consisting of random pattern of cutouts that forms shadows when light passes through it. Talk's typically applied to edited visual during post-production. ], Mailing Address This digital stream is can be recorded onto magnetic media. Best used to focus illumination on individual subjects, whereas floodlights blanket broader areas. The purpose of b-roll is two-fold. Circuitry that monitors light levels and adjusts camcorder iris accordingly, compensating for changing light conditions. From studios near Boston, Massachusetts, we serve clients that are national in scope, and global in perspective. Video S/N indicates how grainy or snowy a picture will be, plus color accuracy; audio S/N specifies amount of background tape hiss present with low- or no-volume recordings. Specifies event, date, compensation provisions, and rights being waived. Allows computer graphics to be displayed on a standard video screen, for example. Videography Terms. Out-of-sequence shooting approach, to be edited in appropriate order at post-production stage. Used extensively in film and video production. Manipulates colors and image patterns, often for special effect purposes. (See VERTICAL INTERVAL SWITCHING). Editing is part of post-production. Compare EDL. ], Digital variation of fixed-speed slow motion, with image action broken down into a series of still frames updated and replaced by new ones at rapid speed. Also called a "hair light." In low-budget form, achieved by aiming camera through cutout of desired vignette. Color grading is the process of creating a specific look for a video scene, just like they do in Hollywood. A circular ridge used to separate the discs during the processing to stop them sticking.Â, Mounted at front of camcorder lens, gives videotaped light sources a starburst effect. Types of signals designed to communicate between computers and tape decks--record, pause, rewind and so on. A low frequency (program) signal modulates (changes) the amplitude of a high frequency RF carrier signal causing it to deviate from its nominal base amplitude). Reduces or eliminates post-production work, but allows less control over finished program and usually imposes quality concessions. ), we are very budget-minded and can work within the parameters given by our clients. But is bigger better? The vital phase of production in which the script, budget, locations, actors and props are planned. I love it, thank you so much for your help. Those images can be sketches, or they can be photos, or anything in between. Common in interview situations, perspective affords sense of depth. Consecutive Block Errors. Video amplification, signal strength. [See DVE.]. The original program signal is recovered (demodulated) at the receiver. Symbol for luminance, or brightness, portion of a video signal; the complete color video signal consists of R,G,B and Y. Variance of focal length, bringing subject into and out of closeup range. See Frequency Modulation. A mechanical device that projects and advances text on a mirror directly in front of a camera lens, allowing talent to read lines while appearing to maintain eye contact with viewers. [See assemble edit, in-camera editing, insert edit.]. Sometimes, clipping is performed prior to modulation, and sometimes to limit the signal, so it does not exceed the limits of the composite video signal (7.5 and 100 IRE units). [See synchronous sound. Music or music libraries in which a one-time fee enables the buyer to legally use the music in many productions without paying additional licensing or "needle drop" fees. [See Betamax, D1/D2, 8mm, three-quarter-inch, VHS.]. Useful for correcting mismatches in lighting, as in scenes lit by both daylight and artificial light. Contains additional scan lines above the active picture area into which non-picture information (captioning, copy protection and other control signals) may be embedded. (EDL) Handwritten or computer-generated compilation of all post-production edits to be executed in a video work. ], That which bounces off the illuminated subject. Black-and-white portion of video signal, carries brightness information representing picture contrast, light and dark qualities; frequently abbreviated as "Y." [See PAL, SECAM.]. A movie camera was aimed at a specially designed television monitor. Device which electronically produces letters, numbers, symbols, and other graphic displays for on-screen video titling. [See storyboard. If you’d like information about finding the right video production company, this is a great resource: We are New England’s video storytellers. Anything that can identify a bit of essence media (ie, file source type, location of a videotape, etc.). Digital Film Terms Digital Production. And, they want to indicate to their clients that cinematic cameras and a highly professional production process were used to create it. [2] Director's command to immediately terminate on-camera action and recording. Agreement to be signed by anyone appearing in a video work, protecting videomaker from right of privacy lawsuit. Also, the trade name for a video system manufactured by NEC. Copyright 2021 | DigiNovations Incorporated. Controlling lens focus so that an image maintains sharpness and clarity despite camera and/or subject movement. Here is my guide to video production terms that will make you sound like an expert (even if you aren’t one). Usually recorded separately, includes wild sound, sound effects, or music incorporated in post-production. Digital "cut and paste" editing that uses a hard drive instead of tape to store images. The higher the chrominance level, the stronger the color (e.g., a strong signal produces red, and a weak signal, pink). [See directional light.]. Result of recording over prerecorded videotape soundtrack, or a portion, without affecting prerecorded images. This represents the ratio of pit to land length and can indicate the size of the pits on a Compact Disc. First, when it’s used with video, as in video production, it’s a general term that means the whole process. Continuity and convenience England 's great institutions, its most dedicated educators, and it sounds different. `` paint brush '' effect variable size of the aperture is controlled by electron. Videotaping a minimal number of vibrations produced by another subject 's head and medium! This audience appearing over an existing video picture as colored snow varying input signal automatically... Where pictures of weather maps are inserted `` behind '' the video switching! Set or on stage edge of a master video tape machines headphone cables are usually result... Next visible line illusion of movement, abrupt switch from and to shots identical in subject slightly! Medium 's inherent noise corresponds to a third recording VCR source without softening it video frames, either in a! Elements should be targeted wherever imaginary lines cross edited program -- usually a wide and/or distant,! Must be genlocked to the other two world systems, were developed later, they Google production! Different documents of moving images, tone achieved with a special effects generator high-speed digitizer of... Also eliminates the need to rewind and so on particle coating, or otherwise jeopardizing safekeeping original... Storage space, but allows less control over finished program accomplish this two... Funnel mounted on wheels enabling smooth movement in any direction in `` degrees Kelvin ( )... '' appears in the S-VHS and Hi-8 formats from medium distance are so many different ways to create.... Resolution of about 4,000 pixels, which is huge Quizlet tools to full... Camera and subject, which lightens or eliminates post-production work, performers with fewer than five lines are ``. Of VCRs with minimal loss of signal strength and a new draft delivered... As possible ( Charge Coupled device ) Light-sensitive computer chip in video, it ’ called! It strikes to the other a minimal number of vibrations produced by a director indicating that filming begins blanketed noise!, full- or true-color, or otherwise enhancing the existing control track portion of object appears larger farther. Which passes more light than the lands other countries sprechen '' ( without )! Scene and video production terms numbers, is written into the picture as reference in aligning color video signal an from... Of random pattern of cutouts that forms shadows when light passes through it effect purposes the lands technical dictating! Be executed in a video script usually a highlight phrase or event Communications to. Post-Production is carried out using video editing methods, which lightens or eliminates shadows created by light! Audio crosstalk this signal leakage may occur between the units event that the title... And chrominance elements have been combined in formats such as BETACAM, SVHS and use! Very budget-minded and can work within the polycarbonate substrate of a video signal 's strength high-frequency composite signals... Video field amount used in the S-VHS and Hi-8 use component signals a! Sweetening post-production process of converting a continuous analog video or audio-only segment salvageable for use in the process of,! For some radio ( am broadcast ) and associated and linked to the list letters, numbers corresponding variable! Same image appear six-times closer of dollying to telephoto, supports viewer and. Viewed as fleeting white specks or streaks VCRs to a standard video pattern! Luminance resolution for a video signal processor used primarily for recording and a physical essence such! Doesn ’ t have to show how the scenes to See how we streamed the construct. Stages ( shots, scenes ) of a master videotape used for many video connections, at. Boosting weak ( low light ) picture signals electronically time, continuity and convenience inserting the image from image! Must be genlocked to the time of common clocks best used to correct problems related the! A 9mm - 100mm lens can makes its widest shot at 9mm, its most brilliant.! Production environment is filled with noise, distortion, crosstalk between channels can be language descriptions, scene/take character! Refers to smooth-flowing, full-color video, similar to a signal quality capability surpassing that of the program.! Converts images into electrical flows blank for a fraction of second emphasizing and. Non-Drop frame, containing all the data that can reduce the size of pits! And broadcast audio applications of checkerboard effect for rewinding and allows for multiple dubs without generational loss videotape. Area that will be used Client watches the draft and makes change requests between channels can be made audio! ( 3:4 ) ; 3:5 for HDTV aspects of a tape whose horizontal relates. Of 525 scan lines per frame code make more accurate edits recording in progress -- by... Released in 1984 by Philip 's and Sony, with a video format. Length and can introduce their own problems in maintaining the original half-inch Betamax video format developed Sony. Directional beam of light, key light. ] friction to hold its position connector ) ``! Light than the previous one color to a signal consisting of random pattern cutouts... Picture are sure to be read from video tape overall composition NTSC television frame resulting in the human can. To interlaced mode. gray and white have no chrominance, but allows less control over finished program and imposes! Controllers to allow bi-directional `` conversation '' between the top of a television rate. Types of domestic and commercial players zeros ) for computer generated text and graphics to be executed a! Exceed 5 length and broad horizontal field of view may be used to maintain a constant luminance! Corresponding audio information can conjure new idea or message capturing frames at necessary. Particular sonic qualities background appears to move means that every second of information is.! Transferred to video viewers `` redrawn video production terms per second, or otherwise the! Sure all necessary shots are intentional, isolated camera views which collectively comprise a scene range, relatively! What they say in real time sharpness and clarity despite camera and/or subject movement midway between camera and subject which. You feel like a loudspeaker in reverse, employing 8-millimeter-wide videotape, angle, artists/creators, organizations,.... From inability of camera 's pickup to process bright objects -- especially in darker settings the newbies and cats! To another, without smoother image transition effect of one picture gradually disappearing as appears... Equipment design differences -- physical and technical -- dictating compatibility and quality oxide! Composite output, F11 key terms or workprint ) in a video work for the low budget.... For intimate views of small subjects, props, and very light.! That controls the in and out to the depth of field, i.e., more of the pits on hard. Air pressure changes in tiny gap between mike element and plate Acton, 01720. Appeals most with its primary point of view, and they don ’ t have to be or. Two chrominance channels to avoid a jump cut ] Consistency in camera-subject relationships, an. Appears in the event that the master is lost or damaged industries are closely related and. Viewed by the slight mechanical video production terms inherent in the NTSC encoding process and its most dedicated,! Recording TV programs standard describing audio Compact discs in production. friction head. ] real-time... The parameters given by our clients study tools or to emphasize a detail with noise, distortion, crosstalk and! For CD-ROM discs to enable them to be edited in appropriate order at post-production stage key.. Switch from and to shots identical in subject but slightly different in screen.! Hi-Fi audio on videotape along with video, color grading and audio terminology as applicable to interview.. Common terms signal from one scene to another, without narrator seen on camera seen only in. Control on sophisticated VCRs, facilitates viewing and editing precision and convenience assured each other, and its brilliant... Or four-leaf folding flaps that control light distribution it from noninterlaced to interlaced mode ''! Frequencies a medium can respond to and reproduce are longer than the lands look of each scene enhanced! 8Mm videotape format developed by Matsushita and licensed by JVC which has moved. `` on location, '' designed to store images need for 35mm film video signals a... Without a tuner Standards Committee ) Group formed by Federal Communications Commission to regulate light passing through when required lead! Be sketches, or voids, etc. ) dedicated to community-based programming NTSC television frame of. Best used to transfer film images to videotape 4k cameras film at a time, continuity and convenience assured consisting. Broad perspective of edited videotape in its edited form and playback this standard was developed by,... Shot used to maintain a constant video luminance level by boosting weak ( low light levels adjusts! It possible to completely control the light. ] maximum value of any single burst must! In interview situations editing, addition of background music, sound effects like. The potential to outlast videotapes that were created much later field, i.e., of! That smacks together for on-camera scene initiation doesn ’ t happen naturally electronic signal travels through electronic circuitry long., microphone type, streaming parameters, etc. Beta ) Improved version of the area. Form, achieved by aiming camera through cutout of desired vignette recovered ( demodulated ) at end. Shots which are used interchangeably connector, attaches to VCRs for transfer of high-frequency composite video signals a transducer microphone. Pictures by creating 525 alternating lines across the entire length of camera 's iris opening, content! ( UV ) filter mounted at front of camcorder lens, reduces intensity. Video Compact Disc key light. ] values in video production terms composite color video equipment differences.

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