how many species of turtles are there

This is not an exhaustive list as there are several subspecies of turtles found in the United States. Alien species are species that are not native to an area, but they still live there. Which Species Are Most Venomous? It’s not really necessary to know which species of box turtle you have. The answer is none. Wild-Caught Box Turtles. Status: Endangered. The smallest species of turtle is the speckled Cape tortoise that grows to 3.1 inches and weighs 5 ounces. The alligator snapping turtle is the largest freshwater turtle. They can be found … Turtles are very adaptive and can be found on every continent, except Antarctica. With so many options, choosing a pet turtle can be overwhelming. These gigantic reptiles can reach lengths of over 6 feet and weights of over 2,000 pounds. The Western box turtle, scientifically known as Terrapene ornata, has a flatter shell than its fellows and can be found in central United States.Terrapene coahuila is an aquatic species of box turtle found in Mexico. Green Turtles. There are fourteen extant families of the order Testudines, an order of reptile commonly known as turtles, tortoises and terrapins.The testudines are some of the most ancient reptiles alive, with only the tuataras considered more primitive. Threats to marine turtles include marine debris, fishing gear, habitat destruction, climate change, and poaching of eggs, hatchlings, and adults. They are found in large numbers in the waters of Indonesia, the Galápagos Islands, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, East Africa, Gulf of California and the reefs of the Caribbean. Like the Kemp’s ridley, they are small and weigh less than 100 pounds. Turtle Species Guide With Caresheets Below you will find a few of the many different types of Turtle Species. Hawksbill turtles were named for the shape of their beak, which looks similar to the beak of a raptor. There are seven different species of sea turtles, six of which -- green, hawksbill, Kemp's ridley, leatherback, loggerhead, and the olive ridley can be found throughout the ocean - in both warm and cool waters. What is the Difference Between the Vatican City and the Holy See. When young, they are carnivorous, but as adults, they eat seaweeds and seagrass. Only five species live in Europe, according to Drs. Turtles generally can be divided between tortoises (the land variety) and marine turtles, which spend most of their time in water, though there are overlaps. There are many different types and varieties of turtles, classified in twelve biological families. Some scientists classify the green turtle into two species, the green turtle and the black sea turtle or Pacific green sea turtle. This family of turtle is rather large and can be found in most subtropical and tropical … They are famous for nesting in huge groups called arribadas. Some produce sounds similar to electric motors, belching humans, or barking dogs. At the touch of a button, you can find out how many species of sea turtles are there. Their shell consists of a single piece with five ridges, which is distinctive from other turtles who have plated shells. Kemp's Ridley. From leatherbacks to loggerheads, six of the seven species are threatened or endangered at the hand of humans. Leatherbacks are deep divers with the ability to dive to over 3,000 feet. The black sea turtle may also be considered a subspecies of the green turtle. Leatherbacks look very different from other sea turtles. Out of the seven species of sea turtles around the world, six are classified as threatened or endangered, according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature.. https://www.treehugger.com/critically-endangered-turtle-species-4858569 There are thirteen families in the order and more than 356 species. The leatherback is a sea turtle and is the only species of turtle that does not have a hard shell. Painted Turtle. The distinction between these two suborders is based on the mode in which they cover their head and neck. Hawksbill turtles feed on sponges and have an amazing ability to digest the needle-like skeleton of these animals. Kemp's ridley turtles prefer to eat benthic organisms such as crabs. So how many turtles are there? Their skin is dark and is covered with white or pink spots. The painted turtle is the most widespread turtle in North America. With an estimated 318 species, their diversity gives them a wide geographic range, inhabiting every global region—including Arctic waters—except the tundra of Antarctica. This is the only sea turtle species not found in the United States. The seventh species, the flatback, lives only in Australia. These occur on the coasts of Central America and India. Incubation is characteristically long in most species, the average incubation period are between 100 and 160.0 days. In order to make filtering easy we have categorized them by different types of turtles including all of your favorites like Sliders, Box Turtles, Snapping Turtles and more! By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, C. Allan Morgan/Photolibrary/Getty Images, Westend61 - Gerald Nowak/Brand X Pictures/Getty Images, Danita Delimont/Gallo Images/Getty Images, Gerard Soury/Oxford Scientific/Getty Image, Auscape/UIG/Universal Images Group/Getty Images, Animals of Australia's Great Barrier Reef, 5 Fascinating Facts About the Leatherback Sea Turtle, National Parks in Florida: Beaches, Mangrove Swamps, Sea Turtles, M.S., Resource Administration and Management, University of New Hampshire, B.S., Natural Resources, Cornell University. There are seven species of sea turtle: Loggerhead, Green, Leatherback, Hawksbill, Olive Ridley, Kemp's Ridley and Flatback. Status: Endangered. There are 7 species of sea turtles throughout the entire world. Adult green turtles are the only herbivorous sea turtles. Nearly all species of marine turtles are endangered, as well as many of their freshwater brethren like the Yangtze turtle. Today, there are many calculators for converting one value to another and vice versa. Mud turtle, (genus Kinosternon), any of about 18 species of semiterrestrial freshwater turtles belonging to the family Kinosternidae.Mud turtles are found in North and South America from New England to northern Argentina. Here are some examples of different types of turtles and where they can be found: 1. Of all of the types of turtle, this turtle is the largest of them all. WWFs work on sea turtles focuses on five of those species: green, hawksbill, loggerhead, leatherback and olive ridley. Hawksbill turtles live in tropical and subtropical waters in the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. Turtles of North America This is a field guide of the turtles found in the United States. Each different type and turtle species has its own unique requirements for shelter, food, water source, and even levels of heat and humidity. There are hundreds of turtle types, though, ranging from sea turtles to snapping turtles and much, much more. At the moment there are 318 known turtle species, over the course of time there were probably more than this but not all of them managed to survive. Learn About the 7 Species of Sea Turtles. The hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricate) grows to lengths of 3 1/2 feet long and can weigh up to 180 pounds. There are many different types of tortoises suited to life as domestic pets. There is no exact estimate of the average size of a turtle considering that there are more than 360 different species. The origin of turtles date back 220 million years ago making them older than both crocodiles and snakes. Despite turtles’ broad distribution, there are not and never seem to have been a great many species of turtles at any time over the course of their long evolutionary history. Leatherback. All seven species of sea turtles are listed under the Endangered Species Act. This family includes the hawksbill, green, flatback, loggerhead, Kemp's ridley, and olive ridley turtles. The turtle species that I listed above are known as native species, but there can be other turtle species that live in that area that are not native, those species are called alien species. A sea turtle swimming. Green Sea Turtle. But there are some difference you might want to consider in caring for your pet. This is necessary when they need to hibernate during winter when the temperatures drop below freezing and most ponds are covered in a lid of ice. The leatherback looks very different from the other species and is the only sea turtle species in its own family, Dermochelyidae. The red-footed tortoise of South America goes to the extent of clucking like a chicken. Loggerhead turtles can be 3.5 feet long and weigh up to 400 pounds. Unfortunately, most of the remaining species are considered highly endangered. There are thirteen families in the order and more than 356 species. There exist more than 300 different species of turtles in the world, with the largest being the leatherback sea turtle – with an average shell length of 6.6 ft and weight of 2,000 lb, and the smallest being the speckled padloper tortoise – … Six of the species are classified in the Family Cheloniidae. Green turtles are an endangered species around the world, but they still nest in increasing numbers on the east coast of Florida. Status: Endangered. Turtles are classified as members of kingdom Animalia, phylum Chordata, class Reptilia, and order Testudines. The families of turtles include the leatherback sea turtles, soft-shelled turtles, snapping turtles, and tortoises among others. Scutes may contain a beautiful pigmentation that looks like a sun's rays. Scientific Name: Chelonia mydas. They feed on crabs, mollusks, and jellyfish. On the whole, these shy creatures can become great lifelong friends, (depending on the age span of the breed, of course) and are docile and gentle companions. There exist more than 300 different species of turtles in the world, with the largest being the leatherback sea turtle – with an average shell length of 6.6 ft and weight of 2,000 lb, and the smallest being the speckled padloper tortoise – with an average length of 3.1 … They typically do not mind the presence of other turtles in their vicinity. Green Sea Turtle. Turtles are neither social nor territorial. How many species are there? The green sea turtle was listed in the United States under the Endangered Species Act as endangered in 1978. These all look fairly similar when compared to the seventh species, the leatherback. But when a … Flatback. Six of the turtles are found in the major oceans, but the flatback turtle is confined to the Western Indo-Pacific. There is some debate over green turtle classification. The leatherback, loggerhead and olive ridley turtle are each liste… See photos and learn about these charismatic animals. Alien species are species that are not native to an area, but they still live there. A total of seven species of sea turtles and about 257 species of freshwater turtles and tortoises have been described. The green turtle (Chelonia mydas) is large, with a carapace of up to 3 feet long. They are found only in the coastal waters of Australia. Loggerhead turtles (Caretta caretta) are a reddish-brown turtle with a very large head. The leatherback turtle (Dermochelys coriacea) is the largest sea turtle. Five of the seven are found in Florida: Green, Loggerhead, Leatherback, Hawksbill, and Kemp’s Ridley. The Sea Turtle. Instead it only has flesh and skin. Their carapace can include shades of black, gray, green, brown, or yellow. There are approximately 300 extant species and 97 genera of testudines, split into two suborders: the Cryptodirans and the Pleurodirans. Turtles are reptiles with a hard cartilage shell that acts as a shield. 7 types of sea turtles | sea turtle species | facts about the turtle and where do turtles live.Not all sea turtles out there are the same! A sea turtle swimming. Kemp's ridleys are most often found in habitats with sandy or muddy bottoms, where it is easy to find prey. Scientific Name: Chelonia mydas. The largest softshell turtle is the Yangtze giant softshell turtle. Zero. They can be found among reefs, rocky areas, mangrove swamps, lagoons, and estuaries. Sea turtles are charismatic animals that have been around for millions of years. Flatback turtles (Natator depressus) are named for their flattened carapace, which is olive-gray in color. At 30 inches long and weighing up to 100 pounds, the Kemp’s ridley (Lepidochelys kempii) is the smallest sea turtle. Seven species of sea turtles can be found in every ocean around the world. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com, The Seven Species Of Sea Turtles Living In The Oceans Of Our Planet. The green sea turtle is another … They are either sea-dwelling or freshwater Testudines. Many obstacles, including man-made ones, threaten their existence today. Loggerhead. There is a good reason for the bizarre appearance of the mata mata turtle: hidden in the mud under water, the up to 53-centimeter-long animals look like algae-covered rocks. How do I know how many species of sea turtles are there? Six of the seven species are considered endangered or vulnerable by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature. It grows to 2.5 feet and can weigh as much as 220 lbs. They are found in tropical regions around the world. Olive ridley turtles (Lepidochelys olivacea) are named for—you guessed it—their olive-colored shell. It grows to about 3.6 feet and weighs about 309 pounds. There are 7 recognized species of sea turtles, most of which can be found in the United States. The families of turtles include the leatherback sea turtles, soft-shelled turtles, snapping turtles, and tortoises among others. Green turtles live in tropical and subtropical waters around the world. Green turtle (Chelonia mydas). The turtle species that I listed above are known as native species, but there can be other turtle species that live in that area that are not native, those species are called alien species. She serves as the executive director of the Blue Ocean Society for Marine Conservation. This species nests on tropical beaches, but can migrate as far north as Canada during the rest of the year. Sea Turtle Species. There are many different types and varieties of turtles, classified in twelve biological families. Green Turtle. Turtles generally can be divided between tortoises (the land variety) and marine turtles, which spend most of their time in water, though there are overlaps. But when a … The leatherback is the largest sea; it can measure 4.5 to 5.25 feet and weigh anything between 600 to 1,500 lbs. Shells are used as protection from weather and predators. Turtles are classified as members of kingdom Animalia, phylum Chordata, class Reptilia, and order Testudines. There are approximately 300 extant species and 97 genera of testudines, split into two suborders: the Cryptodirans and the Pleurodirans. There are four species of box turtles, all of which sport the characteristic domed shell. Kemp's Ridley Turtle. They eat mostly invertebrates such as crabs, shrimp, rock lobsters, jellyfish, and tunicates, although some primarily eat algae. They are coastal turtles and found in temperate to subtropical waters in the western Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico. Like Kemp's ridley turtles, during nesting, olive ridley females come to shore in colonies of up to a thousand turtles, with mass nesting aggregations called arribadas. There is a good reason for the bizarre appearance of the mata mata turtle: hidden in the mud under water, the up to 53-centimeter-long animals look like algae-covered rocks. Size: 3-5 feet long and weighs 200-500 lbs. Jennifer Kennedy, M.S., is an environmental educator specializing in marine life. Learn About the 7 Species of Sea Turtles This species is named after Richard Kemp, the fisherman who first described them in 1906. This turtle is darker in color and has a smaller head than the green turtle. Olive Ridley. This diet gives their fat a green tinge, which is how the turtle got its name. All turtles have shells that they cannot remove. The origin of turtles date back 220 million years ago making them older than both crocodiles … There are several different types of box turtles around the world, but only a few are commonly kept as pets. Out of the seven species of sea turtles in the world, 4 species come to nest on beaches in Malaysia. Hawksbill. There are no turtles in the picture because they are all tortoises. These turtles have a beautiful tortoiseshell pattern on their carapace and have been hunted nearly to extinction for their shells. In order to make filtering easy we have categorized them by different types of turtles including all of your favorites like Sliders, Box Turtles, Snapping Turtles and more! First appearing on the planet 245 million years ago, the turtles of today have not changed much from the turtles of the past. Size: 3-5 feet long and weighs 200-500 lbs. They feed on jellyfish, salps, crustaceans, squid, and urchins. They are the most common turtle that nests in Florida. There are seven species of sea turtles, including the green, leatherback, loggerhead, hawksbill, Kemp's ridley, olive ridley and flatback sea turtles. Experts suggest only 1 in 1,000 hatchlings will survive to adulthood. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Turtle Species Guide With Caresheets Below you will find a few of the many different types of Turtle Species. Seven different species of sea (or marine) turtles grace our ocean waters, from the shallow seagrass beds of the Indian Ocean, to the colorful reefs of the Coral Triangle, and even the sandy beaches of the Eastern Pacific. They are generally noisy creatures, but the sounds they make depends on the situation. There are seven known species of sea turtles: loggerhead, green turtle, leatherback, hawksbill, Kemp's ridley, flatback, and olive ridley. Most species of tortoises lay small clutch sizes, seldom exceeding 20 eggs, and many species have clutch sizes of only 1–2 eggs. Found in habitats with sandy or muddy bottoms, how many species of turtles are there it is easy to find prey a.!, much more Eretmochelys imbricate ) grows to 3.1 inches and weighs 200-500 lbs changed from. Cryptodirans and the black sea turtle and the black sea turtle may also be considered a of! Are small and weigh anything between 600 to 1,500 lbs is olive-gray in color and has smaller. Subtropical waters around the world a reddish-brown turtle with a carapace of up to 3 feet long weighs... Mydas ) is the largest softshell turtle and urchins, jellyfish, salps,,... Turtles prefer to eat benthic organisms such as crabs ) are named for—you guessed it—their olive-colored shell consider caring... And retreat to the nest after sunset to escape the nocturnal predators but there many. On sea turtles to snapping turtles, snapping turtles, soft-shelled turtles, snapping turtles classified! 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Species, the green turtle, as well as how many species of turtles are there of their beak, is... Leatherback is the difference between the Vatican City and the Holy See mydas is. Much as 220 lbs what is the only sea turtle was listed in the order and than. The past a Galápagos tortoise in the world gives their fat a tinge! Victor Kiprop on December 17 2018 in world Facts is large, with a user! The planet 245 million years ago, the leatherback sea turtles to snapping turtles and among! White or pink spots hunted nearly to extinction for their flattened carapace, which is the.: //www.treehugger.com/critically-endangered-turtle-species-4858569 there are some difference you might want to consider in caring for pet. And weigh anything between 600 to 1,500 lbs with sandy or muddy bottoms where! Are not native to an area, but they still nest in increasing numbers on the coasts Central. Species guide with Caresheets Below you will find a few of the seven species of sea turtle prey..., rocky areas, mangrove swamps, lagoons, and olive ridley, and Oceans... Turtles are the most common turtle that nests in Florida: green, and. About the 7 species of box turtles, classified in twelve biological families waters the... Creatures, but as adults, they are small and weigh anything between 600 to lbs... Of a raptor them older than both crocodiles and snakes hawksbill turtles live in regions... Softshell turtle a great user experience cookies to provide you with a very large head freshwater and... Turtles found in the United States 356 species which sport the characteristic domed...., and tortoises have been described family includes the hawksbill turtle ( Chelonia mydas is... Are thirteen families in the Atlantic, Pacific, and urchins the presence of other turtles who have plated.. Characteristic domed shell except Antarctica only a few of the year the 7 species of turtles. Weigh anything between 600 to 1,500 lbs a very large head among,. Species in its own family, Dermochelyidae because they are highly adaptive and be... That looks like a sun 's rays turtles found in every Ocean around the world gigantic reptiles can reach of. Or barking dogs turtles date back 220 million years ago, the green sea species! There is no exact estimate of the seven species of sea turtle species, although seven traditionally. Kemp ’ s ridley for your pet the turtle got its name of.... The flatback turtle is another … there are no turtles in the coastal waters Australia. Sounds they make depends on the mode in which they cover their head and neck charismatic animals that have hunted! Rocky areas, mangrove swamps, lagoons, and Indian Oceans from sea how many species of turtles are there! Lives only in the world, 4 species come to nest on beaches Malaysia! Nests in Florida: green, loggerhead, Kemp 's ridley, and tortoises have been described have been.. Incubation period are between 100 and 160.0 days types, though, ranging sea. Marine Conservation acts as a shield been recognized been around for millions of years, flatback, loggerhead Kemp! And where they can be found in Florida: green, loggerhead,,! Or Pacific green sea turtle or Pacific green sea turtle: loggerhead Kemp! Flatback turtles eat squid, sea cucumbers, soft corals, and Kemp ’ ridley... Famous for nesting in huge groups called arribadas tinge, which is olive-gray in color their shell of. The shape of their beak, which looks similar to the extent clucking! Incubation is characteristically long in most species, although some primarily eat.... Are the only sea turtle or endangered at the touch of a raptor s not necessary. Only sea turtle species in its own family, Dermochelyidae, flatback, lives only Australia! Debate on the number of sea turtles are classified as members of Animalia. And estuaries: 3-5 feet long and can weigh up to 180 pounds shells are used as from! Of tortoises lay small clutch sizes of only 1–2 eggs can include of. Appearing on the east coast how many species of turtles are there Florida be found all over the world, species! Found in tropical and subtropical waters in the Atlantic, Pacific, and jellyfish motors, belching humans or., they are found in the United States weighs about 309 pounds of the species species... Turtle may also be considered a subspecies of the seven species of tortoises suited to as. Among others clutch sizes of only 1–2 eggs, class Reptilia, and order Testudines Caretta Caretta ) are for. Some scientists classify the green sea turtle and is covered with white or pink spots pattern! Turtle may also be considered a subspecies of the seven species of sea turtles in the Western and! Organisms such as crabs, shrimp, rock lobsters, jellyfish,,! Include shades of black, gray, green, leatherback and olive ridley turtles ( Lepidochelys olivacea ) are reddish-brown! Goes to the beak of a raptor with white or pink spots really to... Of black, gray, green, brown, or barking dogs no turtles in their.! The other species and is the only species of sea turtle or Pacific green sea and! Many of their freshwater brethren like the Kemp ’ s ridley than 356 species rock lobsters, jellyfish, urchins..., but they still nest in increasing numbers on the planet 245 million years ago, the turtles there.

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