on style susan sontag summary

Your email address will not be published. Expert essay Susan Sontag Best Essays writers: Individuals who are expert in their individual fields and know what they are doing. the paintings in the caves at Lascaux, Altamira, Niaux, La Pasiega, etc.) ." What is "content"? . André Bazin, one of the greatest critics of film style and form, believed the opposite, that content determined form. N.p., n.d. We are going to clash about which essays are best. They are "moral" insofar as they are good things to exercise, but I can't see that an explicit justification of them--and thus of aesthetic experience itself--on moral grounds is otherwise relevant. Web. As the discussion unfolded, it occurred to me… Platos Cave by Susan Sontag Summary | by Sarina Horn | Medium I’ve been busy rereading it since Xmas, and want to take this chance to set down some thoughts regarding it. Susan Sontag. Sontag wants to believe the first, but really seems to believe the second. Much is elided in that formulation "intelligent gratification." If you need more information on APA citations check out our APA citation guide or start citing with the BibGuru APA citation generator. Camp is an aesthetic style and sensibility that regards something as appealing because of its bad taste and ironic value. I think Sontag felt the need to underscore her case by overvaluing form above content. The sixth and final essay, "The Image-World," returns to the idea of the image as a representation of reality and a substitution for the real world.Susan Sontag claims that photographs are not just an interpretation of reality but serve as an imprint of reality. Formatted according to the APA Publication Manual 7 th edition. [Update: I posted a follow-up to this post, here.] Plot Summary + Chapters Summary and Analysis Chapter 0 Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Chapter 9 Free Quiz Characters Objects/Places Themes Style Quotes Topics for Discussion. On Style. Susan Sontag. Much of Sontag's essay is concerned to break down the opposition between "style" and "content," but unlike others who sometimes complain about the persistence of this opposition but do so mostly in order to banish "style" from critical discussion altogether--it's just the writer's way of communicating his/her content--Sontag maintains it is content that should recede, becoming simply the word for a "special stylistic convention." Susan Sontag's purpose in ''AIDS and Its Metaphors'' is to show how the way we talk and think about AIDS makes the disease even worse than it actually is. Simply copy it to the References page as is. A work of art encountered as a work of art is an experience, not a statement or an answer to a question. Against Interpretation is a collection of essays by Susan Sontag published in 1966. Share with your friends. Like all discourse about totalities, talk of style must rely on metaphors. Here are the films discussed in the below essay: Les Anges du Peché (The Angels of Sin). The pieces in Against Interpretation, and Other Essays are shorter, more specific, and less philosophical on … Susan Sontag (1933–2004) was the author of numerous works of nonfiction, including the groundbreaking collection of essays, Against Interpretation (FSG, 1966), and of four novels, including In America (FSG, 2000), which won the National Book Award. These notes were contributed by members of the GradeSaver community. 3. Written by people who wish to remain anonymous In On Photography, Susan Sontag discusses what she believes photography does to society in the modern day. This detailed literature summary also contains Topics for Discussion and a Free Quiz on Regarding the Pain of Others by Susan Sontag. Part of the answer lies in the fact that for a work of art to have "content" is, in itself, a rather special stylistic convention. Just as Susan Sontag’s creative output is varied, complex, and unique, so are the processes and guidelines we employed to research and compile this bibliography of her works and their reception. Summary. The earliest theory of art, that of the Greek philosophers, proposed that art was mimesis, imitation of reality. I’ve heard numerous SF critics (Mamatas, Duncan, and Delany) explain how style is not simply something that is layered on top of content and how books are really nothing but style. 'Illness as Metaphor' (1978) To hold a (good) book in your hand is, as Anne Michaels wrote in Fugitive Pieces, to be  “a pilgrim at the gates of a new city.” Susan Sontag‘s Against Interpretation, particularly the opening essays, is exemplary of just such a book. Angela Mcrobbie. Style is the real substance of art, content its outer decoration, the enticement to the reader's attention that allows the "experience" of art that style enables. By Susan Sontag. Mythologized and misunderstood, lauded and loathed, a girl from the suburbs who became a proud symbol of cosmopolitanism, Sontag left a legacy of writing on art and politics, feminism and homosexuality, celebrity and style, medicine and drugs, radicalism and Fascism and Freudianism and Communism … Illness As Metaphor Summary. (Cf. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. . . The problem with today’s perception of beauty has caused great disagreement and is beginning to semi-change. a celestial emporium of benevolent knowledge, Why style is the most important element in a work of art. Susan Sontag: Race, Class, and the Limits of Style - The American … Against Interpretation, By Susan Sontag. To treat works of art [as statements] is not wholly irrelevant. eNotes plot summaries cover all the significant action of Against Interpretation and Other Essays. Susan Sontag wrote four novels, The Benefactor, Death Kit, The Volcano Lover, and In America, which won the 2000 National Book Award for fiction; a collection of stories, I, etcetera; several plays, including Alice in Bed; and eight books of essays, among them On Photography, which won the National Book Critics Circle Award for criticism. « A Tradition of Anti-Traditional Writing | Shots can be staged. NOOK Book (eBook) $ 9 ... Objects/Places, Themes, Style, Quotes, ... View Product [ x ] close. It would be more to the point to reverse the metaphor. The issues with beauty standards is an important topic to … This passion is to protect and defend values traditionally conceived of as lying "outside" art, namely truth and morality. Simply select your manager software from the list below and click on … Susan Sontag not only emphasizes on the out of proportion catastrophe of woman and their outer beauty, but also tries to convince her audience that there is more to a woman than just looks; there is another individual right underneath the ugliness. This is Sontag's 'take' on pop culture, that it can be selectively accredited with some importance. . Illness as Metaphor. As Cocteau writes: "Decorative style has never existed. 0 (1 (! . We must be careful not to read this to mean that form is more important than content. The great task which remains to critical theory is to examine in detail the formal function of subject-matter. I love reading things that introduce me to a new way of thinking. but which remain in perpetual danger of being compromised by art. By Susan Sontag * It would hard to find any reputable literary critic today who would care to be caught defending as an idea the old antithesis of style versus content. Article bookmarked. by BookRags. A sensibility (as distinct from an idea) is one of the hardest things to talk about; but there are special reasons why Camp, in particular, has never been discussed. If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. If it isn't obvious to readers that a depiction of "human beings choosing and acting" is not the same thing as human beings choosing and acting and that it would be irrational "for us to to make a moral response to something in a work of art in the same sense that we do to an act in real life," then any further attempt to heighten those readers' aesthetic awareness isn't going to accomplish much in the first place. In Regarding the Pain of Others, Susan Sontag examines the manner in which war is perceived, taking into account such factors as sex, culture and status. The very notion of "style" needs to be approached historically. In the second essay–“On Style”–Sontag takes on that old whipping horse, the antithesis of style and content. Susan Sontag Writing Styles in Regarding the Pain of Others . It seems to me her observation that it is quite easy to keep separate "responsible and humane conduct" from "the pleasurable stimulation of consciousness" without the latter contaminating the former would entirely suffice as a rebuttal of these criticisms, but she spends a great deal of her essay--the heart of it, really--defending the notion that art should not be judged by the standard of "humane conduct, " since art and the experience of art are phenomena of "consciousness," not actions requiring moral scrutiny. Susan Sontag The earliest experience of art must have been that it was incantatory, magical; art was an instrument of ritual. It would be more to the point to reverse the metaphor. By: Benjamin Moser. On Photography Summary. She is unwilling to believe, for instance, that the photograph is an unquestionable record of truth. Your email address will not be published. Sontag in fact asserts that style is the most important element in a work of art, and it is style (which sometimes appears as a short-hand for “form”) that is the specifically aesthetic quality of a work of art, and therefore deserves the most attention. In fact, immediately after making the observation she begins to back off, assuring skeptics that "Of course, we never have a purely aesthetic response to works of art--neither to a play or a novel, with its depicting of human beings choosing and acting, nor, though it is less obvious, to a painting by Jackson Pollack or a Greek vase. Required fields are marked *. But few address themselves to the positive consequences of what they seem to have agreed to. Popular AMA APA (6th edition) APA ... “In Plato’s Cave” Summary | Nude Answers, 2016) Your Bibliography: Nudeanswers.com. Art performs this "moral" task because the qualities which are intrinsic to the aesthetic experience (disinteredness, contemplativeness, attentiveness, the awakening of the feelings) and to the aesthetic object (grace, intelligence, expressiveness, energy, sensuousness) are also fundamental constituents of a moral response to life. 26 Nov. 2013. . Order our Regarding the Pain of Others Study Guide. Susan Sontag's essay "On Style" ( Against Interpretation ) contains many passages to warm an aging aesthete's heart. Style.com spoke to the films director, Nancy Kates.Complete summary of Susan Sontags Against Interpretation and Other Essays. What, then, does Sontag mean by “interpretation”? Please enable JavaScript if you would like to comment on this blog. A modern alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes, SuperSummary offers high-quality study guides that feature detailed chapter summaries and analysis of major themes, characters, quotes, and essay topics. And metaphors mislead. A Summary of Regarding the Torture of Others. In "Against Interpretation" Susan Sontag takes a stand against the ancient trend of "interpretation." Interpretation has dominated art and literary criticism for hundreds of years and has been accelerated by Marxist ideology and Freudian psychology. Sontag: Book summary and reviews of Sontag by Benjamin Moser. … Thanks for exploring this SuperSummary Plot Summary of “Illness As Metaphor” by Susan Sontag. Susan Sontag ( / ˈsɒntæɡ /; January 16, 1933 – December 28, 2004) was an American writer, filmmaker, philosopher, teacher, and political activist. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The very notion of "style" needs to be approached historically. You’ll have to forgive me for groaning a little when she began the essay. Even if one were to define style as the manner of our appearing, this by no means necessarily entails an oppostion between a style that one assumes and one's "true" being. « A Tradition of Anti-Traditional Writing. The matter, the subject, is on the outside; the style is on the inside. . On this issue a pious consensus prevails. Her books include Against Interpretation, On Photography, Illness as Metaphor, and The Volcano Lover. .is already to grant something that should not be granted--namely, that there exist two independent sorts of response, the aesthetic and the ethical, which vie for our loyalty when we experience a work of art. (. . . By Susan Sontag. Susan Sontag would have been something of a dream subject for our study. 3 '!- ( $& ' (7 8 ' 9: $; ' ,<>= / 2? ' Yesterday, FSG published Susan Sontag’s Debriefing, a new collection of the writer’s short fiction. Does only the greatest art perform the "moral service" Sontag associates with the "intelligent gratification of consciousness"? Susan Sontag (1933–2004) was a novelist, playwright, filmmaker, and one of the most influential critics of her generation. For the problem of art versus morality is a pseudo problem. She mostly wrote essays, but also published novels; she published her first major work, the essay " Notes on 'Camp' ", in 1964. # @ (& a $ bdc e * b fgh$ d* 8 8 ' ,[email protected]!h Word Count: 1341. that certain types of interpretation of artistic work that are still current today are overly reductionist and simplifying, and make the art merely a stand-in for a message), though it sets the stage for the second, lengthier and, I think, more challenging essay, “On Style,” which in a fairly sophisticated way argues that the purported overcoming of the style/content distinction in artistic analysis has not in fact taken place, and that “style” itself, rather than being a merely superficial decoration on a substantive, important “content,” is actually an aspect of artistic works that is consistently undervalued and glossed over in appreciation and criticism of art. Sontag in fact asserts that style is the most important element in a work of art, and it is style (which sometimes appears as a short-hand for “form”) that is the specifically … Les Dames du Bois de Boulogne (The Ladies of the Park) . This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Complete summary of Susan Sontag's Against Interpretation and Other Essays. Susan Sontag-On Photography In Platos cave – summary - StuDocu 3$& ' (4&* ' 516 "! Main Susan Sontag - Art History bibliographies - in Harvard style . I don't object to the formulation itself--John Dewey would probably have found it usefully synonymous with his own notion of "art as experience"--but to insist that it must have a moral dimension seems to undo almost completely Sontag's case--which she admits she has made "uneasily"--for the autonomy of art: But if we understand morality in the singular, as a generic decision on the part of consciousness, then it appears that our response to art is "moral" insofar as it is, precisely, the enlivening of our sensibility and consciousness. To argue on these grounds at all, seeking to defend the autonomy of art. Quotations by Susan Sontag, American Author, Born January 16, 1933. by:Vernon Foley 2012 The author, Susan Sontag, uses this tragic record of events to explore the power of imagery to tell a story that words cannot bring to light. 2. Order our In America Study Guide. Take, for instance, Whitman’s very material metaphor. Here are the films discussed in the below essay: Les Anges du Peché (The Angels of Sin). "The moral pleasure in art, as well as the moral service that art performs, consists in the intelligent gratification of consciousness.". Thanks for exploring this SuperSummary Plot Summary of “On Photography” by Susan Sontag. SONTAG. . Susan Sontag Writing Styles in In America. Either art needs no moral justification to strengthen its appeal or it is an impetus to moral action after all. Academic criticism has gone in precisely the opposite direction, dismissing form altogether in order to focus on the "subject-matter" that satisfies the critic's pre-established theoretical disposition, while there's very little "critical theory" at all in general-interest publications of the sort that once published writers like Susan Sontag. Un Condamné à Mort s’est Échappé (A Man Escaped). Le Journal d’un Curé de Campagne (The Diary of a Country Priest). As if during the experience one really had to choose between responsible and humane conduct, on the one hand, and the pleasurable stimulation of consciousness, on the other! Free shipping for many products! In the text “On Style” Susan Sontag invites us to question what style really is (Sontag, 1969). No writer is as emblematic of the American twentieth century as Susan Sontag. standards. Susan Sontag’s On Photography, “In Plato’s Cave” Summary | Nude Answers 2016 In-text: (Susan Sontag’s On Photography, “In Plato’s Cave” Summary | Nude Answers, 2016) October 4, 2019 . It includes some of Sontag's best-known works, including "On Style," and the eponymous essay "Against Interpretation." Reality exists outside the cave, but people inside the cave cannot connect with it. . . While, as I mentioned, I find Sontag’s argument a useful and compelling new lens for looking at the world and art, her devaluation of the “content” aspect of art strikes me as over-hasty, and narrow—much as she chides Lukacs in a later essay for discounting modernist fiction as bourgeois and naive, I find the implicit discrediting of the importance of narrative in art (see Martha Nussbaum) and the whole mimetic tradition to be somewhat frivolous. It includes some of Sontag's best-known works, including "On Style," and the eponymous essay "Against Interpretation." Spiritual Style in the Films of Robert Bresson. | Optical Illusion ». Again, there isn't much here with which I would fundamentally disgree, but Sontag comes close to suggesting that art needs this moral justification, that "contemplativeness" and "attentiveness" are not in themselves sufficiently desirable qualities. Le Journal d’un Curé de Campagne (The Diary of a Country Priest). These pictures, taken by American soldiers, on the surface tell a story of torture of those that were captured and detained in Abu Ghraib. "AP Language and Composition." Complete summary of Susan Sontag's Against Interpretation and Other Essays. Change style powered by CSL. Susan Sontag. ... John Berger And Susan Sontag / … Susan Sontag’s seminal mid-60s essay has come up several times at this site. Is lack of artistry itself a moral issue, or simply a critical/evaluative judgment? . Susan Sontag’s seminal mid-60s essay has come up several times at this site. Inevitably, critics who regard works of art as statements will be wary of "style," even as they pay lip service to "imagination." A work of art is a thing in the world, not just a text or commentary on the world. 0 comments. Plot Summary + Chapters Summary and Analysis Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Chapter 9 Chapter 10 Free Quiz Characters Objects/Places Themes Style Quotes Topics for Discussion. Although Sontag argues that "we can, in good conscience cherish works of art which, considered in terms of 'content,' are morally objectionable" (her brief defense of Leni Riefenstahl's documentaries is the best-known illustration of this possibility), finally she can't let "morality" go as an issue relevant to the creation and experience of art. Les Dames du Bois de Boulogne (The Ladies of the Park) . In the end, however, attitudes toward style cannot be reformed merely by appealing to the "appropriate" (as opposed to utilitarian) way of looking at works of art. Describing that there are styles that certain individuals love, while others have an “antipathy” towards (Sontag, p. 15, 1969.). A man who’d been a classmate in grade school remembered being accosted one day in the yard by Susan Sontag… Tracing the nuances of Sontag’s argument strikes me as a task ill-suited to a blog, so I encourage to read the essay itself (which isn’t terribly long). Sontag's style is quite academic in form; she routinely references historical figures, authors, and philosophers to support and/or contest her arguments, such as Plato, Freud, Woolf, and many others. Born Susan Rosenblatt (1933-2004) to Lithuanian Jewish parents, Susan and her only son David Rieff would unapologetically change their given family name to Sontag. "No simple summary of the views contained in Susan Sontag's brief but brilliant work on photography is possible, first because there are too many, and second because the book is a thoughtful meditation, not a treatise . . Obviously, whatever interpretation is, Sontag seems against it. Sontag writes: To speak of style is one way of speaking about the totality of a work of art. ..., women try to make themselves beautiful to attract the best opportunities possible. Reviewed, Brandon Robshaw. The distinction itself is a trap; its continued plausibility rests on not putting the ethical into question, but only the aesthetic. The Books of Susan Sontag, Ranked A Fickle Superfan’s Guide to the Dark Lady of Letters. For it is sensibility that nourishes our capacity for moral choice, and prompts our readiness to act, assuming that we do choose, which is a prerequisite for calling an act moral, and are not just blindly and unreflectingly obeying. 3 out of 5 stars; Cloying voice By Suzanne on 11-02-19 Sontag. Un Condamné à Mort s’est Échappé (A Man Escaped). Photos can be altered. On Style. Summary. Although Sander claimed merely to be documenting the social order, Sontag says he in fact "adjusted his style to the social rank of the person he was photographing." On Photography by Susan Sontag l Summary & Study Guide. Last Updated on May 6, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. Sontag was unfortunately denied her wish that critical theory might move "to examine in detail the formal function of subject-matter." Learn how your comment data is processed. susan sontag on photography summary throughout history reality has been related through images and philosophers such as plato have made efforts to diminish our Susan Sontag (/ ˈ s ɒ n t æ ɡ /; January 16, 1933 – December 28, 2004) was an American writer, filmmaker, philosopher, teacher, and political activist. 2. By Susan Sontag * It would hard to find any reputable literary critic today who would care to be caught defending as an idea the old antithesis of style versus content. - WriteWork. Related Topics. I’m always excited to read more of Sontag’s work—which is convenient, because it seems there’s always more to read. Feminist Review 1991 38: 1, 1-19 Download Citation. Sontag is similarly suspicious of humanity's desire to see and/or avoid the suffering of others, seeing neither response as uncomplicated. The mask is the face. By way of explaining some of these complexities, this preface is arranged into two main parts. It is this "reality" snared by the work of art that they continue to focus on, rather than on the extent to which a work of art engages the mind in certain transformations.

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