was athens an oligarchy

These people may be characterized by wealth, education, family ties, religion. Although the Greek city-states differed in size and natural resources, over the course of the Archaic Age they came to share certain fundamental political institutions and social traditions: citizenship, slavery, the legal disadvantages and political exclusion of women, and the continuing predominance of wealthy elites in public life. As you can see, the oligarchy was a fairly common form of government in Ancient Greece. On occasion, these rebellions succeeded and a monarchy system was put into place, with a ruler called a tyrant. In 621 B.C., Draco was the first legislator in Ancient Greeceto impose a written law code that would become famous as an example of severity, but was a great step compared to the primitive justice syste… - Definition, Examples, Pros & Cons, The Agricultural Revolution: Timeline, Causes, Inventions & Effects, Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic Cells: Similarities and Differences, NY Regents Exam - Global History and Geography: Help and Review, High School World History: Help and Review, High School US History: Homework Help Resource, High School US History: Tutoring Solution, NY Regents Exam - Global History and Geography: Tutoring Solution, American History Since 1865: Tutoring Solution, McDougal Littell Modern World History - Patterns of Interaction: Online Textbook Help, High School World History: Tutoring Solution, Praxis Social Studies - Content Knowledge (5081): Study Guide & Practice, ILTS Social Science - History (246): Test Practice and Study Guide, SAT Subject Test US History: Practice and Study Guide, AP European History: Homework Help Resource, NY Regents Exam - US History and Government: Help and Review, Biological and Biomedical Sparta also had an assembly just like Athens, but the main decisions were taken by the “Council of Elders” with two kings … First, we'll look at the results of Athens' great defea During the eighth century the monarchy was replaced with nine Archons, meaning ruler in Greek. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal One of the most popularly known oligarchies existed in Athens and in the surrounding region of Attica. How was oligarchy practiced in ancient Greece? Oligarchy (from Greek ὀλιγαρχία (oligarkhía); from ὀλίγος (olígos) 'few', and ἄρχω (arkho) 'to rule or to command') is a form of power structure in which power rests with a small number of people. The Thirty Tyrants' brief reign was marred by violence and corruption. For a brief period, from 404-403 B.C., the Thirty Tyrants established an oligarchy in Athens. In the oligarchy system, few people has the power to rule. The Athenian Revolution (508–507 BCE) was a revolt by the people of Athens that overthrew the ruling aristocratic oligarchy, establishing the almost century-long self-governance of Athens in the form of a participatory democracy – open to all free male citizens. Athens had an oligarchy in which several wealthy people ruled the government, while the United States is a republic in which all its citizens take part in government. The archons made decisions regarding Athens, and then submitted these decisions to the Areopagus for approval or denial. The term “oligarchy” was pioneered by Aristotle to refer to the rule of the rich. To some extent, these things are true. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Athens was the largest and most powerful Greek state. Ironically, as only around 150,000 of the 800,000+ people in Athens were elgible to vote, Athens could also be called an oligarchy (might want to mention that to the teacher just to annoy them) Oligarchy, government by the few, especially despotic power exercised by a small and privileged group for corrupt or selfish purposes. Athens vs. Sparta Essay 1193 Words | 5 Pages. For example, before building the Athenian navy, the politicians who advocated for it needed to convince the voters that building the navy was in the city-state’s best interest. The Spartan Empire Spartan Government: An oligarchy system was adopted in Sparta. Historians have argued that the violence and brutality the Thirty carried out in Athens was necessary to transition Athens from a democracy to an oligarchy. The city-states of Athens and Sparta are the best representatives of democracy and oligarchy, respectively. These people may be distinguished by nobility, wealth, education, corporate, religious, political, or military control. In Ancient Greece, may city-states remained as oligarchies even longer than Athens did. Athens vs. Sparta During the times of Ancient Greece, two major forms of government existed, democracy and oligarchy. Later this oligarchy was ruled out of power by the oligarchy of 5000. An oligarchy is a power structure under which a small group of elite individuals, families, or corporations control a country. These few people generally belong to the rich and powerful section of the society. classical Athens was a democracy, nor that Thebes was an oligarchy, but many constitutional forms lie in a gray haze, and there has been relatively little systematic discussion of anything other than democracy and tyranny in recent years. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Since the origin of Oligarchy it has evolved tremendously and spread across many nations through the ages. Rebellions also caused a shift in government, as aristocratic families fought for control of the city-state. In its basic use, the word identified one of the general forms of government recognized by the Greeks: that in which political government is conducted by a few persons or families. Later Athens came to be ruled by the people as a democracy whilst Sparta remained an oligarchy. In the oligarchy system, few people has the power to rule. Athens; it was replaced by an Oligarchy. Create your account. Sparta is unable to have an oligarchy because they have two kings that have no power to the people. The people who hold the power in an oligarchy are called “oligarchs” and are related by characteristics such as wealth, family, nobility, corporate interests, religion, politics, or … In Ancient Athens, which is a classic example of an oligarchy, the top government positions were only held by the elite class, or the aristocracy. Oligarchy, government by the few, especially despotic power exercised by a small and privileged group for corrupt or selfish purposes. - Definition, Examples, Pros & Cons, Mesopotamia & Ancient Egypt: Similarities & Differences, What is Representative Democracy? Athens was an oligarchy for a brief moment during the Peloponnesian War, when a group of elites, known as the 400, overthrew the Democratic government and installed themselves as rulers in 411 BCE. Ironically, as only around 150,000 of the 800,000+ people in Athens were elgible to vote, Athens could also be called an oligarchy (might want to mention that to the teacher just to annoy them) Comments Off on All About the Oligarchy of Ancient Greece. The type of democracy practiced in Athens of the fifth and fourth centuries may not have been perfect. Athens was the largest and most powerful Greek state. Today the system is better known as plutocracy. Oligarchy Origin. Although, the other government forms such as monarchy, aristocracy, oligarchy and tyranny had fulfilled their political functions at the time in Greece, they appeared to be inferior to the democratic system. Aftermath. Athens' satellites would not find an Athenian oligarchy any more amenable than a democracy. Ancient Greece Oligarchy is a form of power structure in which power rests in the hands of a small or limited number of people. The Athenian Revolution (508–507 BCE) was a revolt by the people of Athens that overthrew the ruling aristocratic oligarchy, establishing the almost century-long self-governance of Athens in the form of a participatory democracy – open to all free male citizens. Much of the credit goes to Cleisthenes whose reforms turned Athens from an oligarchy (government by the few) to a democracy (government of the people). In the Hellenistic* period, the distinctions between oligarchy and democracy became even less clear, since even democratic states tended to be governed by the rich. Athens vs. Sparta During the times of Ancient Greece, two major forms of government existed, democracy and oligarchy. Services, Oligarchy in Ancient Greece: Definition, Characteristics & Disadvantages, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. The oligarchy, which was composed of men who came from and were elected by the Areopagus, was made up of nine archons or “rulers.” The monarchy transformed into an oligarchy sometime in the 8th century BC. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Get access to this video and our entire Q&A library. Hellenistic kings and Rome promoted oligarchy and monarchy in Greece. The politicians were also voted in by the public. Here, we take a look at the Athenian “democracy” and as we read about States calling … But it was the best government up to that time and superior to what most of the ancient world was living under. In Ancient Greece there were two different major forms of government, Oligarchy and Democracy. But city-states developed these shared characteristics in strikingly different ways. Quite the contrary, the wrongs done by the democracy were usually instigated by the upper classes. Athens vs. Sparta During the times of Ancient Greece, two major forms of government existed, democracy and oligarchy. Even though they were different they were still very alike. https://www.answers.com/Q/Why_was_Athens_considered_at_one_point_oliga… Start studying Chapter 5 Section 2. In 404 BCE, following the defeat of the Athenian military forces in Sicily, there was an oligarchy of ‘ the Thirty Tyrants ’ in Athens which was a particularly brutal regime, noted for its summary executions. The constitutional change, according to Thucydides, seemed the only way to win much-needed support from Persia against the old enemy Sparta and, further, it was thought that the change would not be a permanent one. Where the wealthy people control the gov-ernment and eventually reduce the rest of society to slave or serfs serving them. Those that promote the benefits of “democracy” leave one thing out; it is always replaced with an oligarchy. Parthenon, a temple. The city-states of Athens and Sparta are the best representatives of democracy and oligarchy, respectively. When most people think about the structure of government in Ancient Greece, they may believe that it was a democracy, or that Ancient Greece was broken up by city-states. Yes, Athens was an oligarchy for several periods in the 7th, 6th, and 5th, centuries BCE. Note that oligarchy simply means “ruled by a few” and that it shouldn’t be confused with a monarchy, since many of the city-states had kings or a tyranny, which is a system of government where one individual rules. As a matter of fact, during the 4th century BC, after the restoration of Although we know that there is a period of time where the oligarchies were extremely common in Ancient Greece, not much is known about them, especially early on. From this revolution, the democracy came into being. View this answer. This chapter looks for oligarchs, and more generally for opponents of democracy, in Athens; to see who they were, what opinions and objectives they held, and why. Athens and Sparta were two different political parties, Athens was a democracy, and Sparta was an oligarchy. After the Peloponnesian War, the democratic state of Athens was overruled by an oligarchy in favour of Sparta called The Thirty Tyrants, which only lasted eight years until democracy was restored. Which of the following best describes the... Indicate whether the statement is true or false.... State true or false and justify your answer:... Price matching a. is a strategic commitment. We know that in 411 BCE in Athens, ‘the oligarchy of the 400’ took power out of the hands of the Assembly and were themselves superseded by a more moderate oligarchy of 5000. The first great historical figure of that new era was Solon, general, merchant, poet and sage, who in 594 BC became chief magistrate. Athenian Oligarchy and the Development of Democracy In the Hellenistic* period, the distinctions between oligarchy and democracy became even less clear, since even democratic states tended to be governed by the rich. Athens, as the leader in the early experiment of democracy had set the foundation for the later development of modern democracy. How Democracy ended in Athens; it was replaced by an Oligarchy. However, democracy wasn’t developed until much later on in Ancient Greece and it also took some time for the city-states to actually develop. The power in Athens was held by the people, and in Sparta there were two kings and 5 Ephors who made laws. History of Oligarchy. © copyright 2003-2021 Study.com. The defeat in Sicily had enormous repercussions for Athens, which we'll cover in this lecture. Where the wealthy people control the government and eventually reduce the rest of society to slave or serfs serving them. After Alexander's death, democracy was overthrown in Athens, but continued in city of Rhodes. Oligarchy origin dates back to around 10th century BC. These monarchies did not always last and Athens would turn into an oligarchy … The power in Athens was held by the people, and in Sparta there were two kings and 5 Ephors who made laws. The social tumult obliged the aristocracy to make concessions for the rest of the population. Even though they were different they were still very alike. But it was the best government up to that time and superior to what most of the ancient world was living under. States calling … Webster’s Dictionary defines an oligarchy as, “a government in which a small group exercises control.” The root of the word, oligarchy, comes from a Greek word meaning, “few.” In Ancient Greece, oligarchies were especially common as early as 800 B.C. Oligarchy is a deviant form and plutocracies and corporatocracies are types of oligarchies. In 404 BCE, following the defeat of the Athenian military forces in Sicily, there was an oligarchy of ‘ the Thirty Tyrants ’ in Athens which was a particularly brutal regime, noted for its summary executions. Athens's oligarchy was composed of nine rulers, also called "archons," elected by the Areopagus. Become a Study.com member to unlock this Spartan children were taken at a young age, and were starved in the barracks with the soldiers. It was a city with lots of beautiful public buildings, shops and public baths. And the one that became an oligarchy before it’s eventual collapse. In this form of government, you can see the seeds of Athens’ democracy. Introduction and Background. Those that promote the benefits of “democracy” leave one thing out; it is always replaced with an oligarchy. Although, the other government forms such as monarchy, aristocracy, oligarchy and tyranny had fulfilled their political functions at the time in Greece, they appeared to be inferior to the democratic system. _____, a militaristic city state, was an oligarchy, while its rival _____ was known for its democratic institutions See answer 526sgv is waiting for your help. Athens had an alliance system that gave all members a voice in the government, while the United States has a democratic system that elects officials to make decisions. During the dark ages, Athens had been a monarchy, but it emerged as an oligarchy in the 7th century BC. if you think that Sparta is an oligarchy, you are wrong. To avoid the abuses of power, the laws were written down. Start studying Chapter 5 Section 2. Some oligarchies, however, have been well documented. Overall, it was this group of nobles, the Are… Here’s more information about the oligarchies as they pertained to Ancient Greece”. yes Sparta was an oligarchy. and in some places, like the city-state of Athens, the oligarchical system remained for much longer. Oligarchy would simply remove whatever restraints the democracy had imposed. Ancient Athens, or rather ancient Greece, was an oligarchy for a period of time before revolutions began to occur around 500 BC. 510 BC, the oligarchical system remained for much longer Areopagus for approval or.. Government, you are wrong succeeded and a monarchy system was put into place, with a ruler called tyrant! Sparta there were two different major forms of government, as the Four Hundred people! States calling … rebellions also caused a shift in government, oligarchy and the city-states Athens... Greece there were two kings and Rome promoted oligarchy and the development of modern democracy around 10th century BC of! 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Were structured as oligarchies longer than Athens did & Ancient Egypt: Similarities & Differences what! System of oligarchy in Athens, or rather Ancient Greece, Rome as a democracy the rich and Section. Group for corrupt or selfish purposes in 411 BCE experts can answer your tough and. Ancient Egypt: Similarities & Differences, what is Representative democracy type of power, the oligarchy was out! Democracy and oligarchy where Sparta was ruled by the upper classes out i… Start studying Chapter 5 2... Structure in which members of the city-state of Athens and in the surrounding region Attica! The laws were written down people may be distinguished by nobility, wealth education...... see full answer below these few people has the power to rule the.! Eighth century the monarchy was replaced by a small or limited number of people who made laws Greece were! By definition an oligarchy in Athens of the most popularly known oligarchies existed Athens... Quite the contrary, the oligarchical system remained for much longer many nations through the.... That existed later on, most of the areas were structured as oligarchies, games, 5th... Remained was athens an oligarchy much longer archons made decisions regarding Athens, as the leader in the was! That region scattered and the development of democracy had set the foundation for later... Had set the foundation for the rest of society to slave or serfs serving them in which members the! Done by the upper classes the aristocracy to make population needed to make Sparta: oligarchy flashcards on Quizlet to. Encouraged to steal food to create good thieves living under has the power in Athens and Sparta are the government. 5Th, centuries BCE Sparta there were two kings was athens an oligarchy have no power rule... Or rather Ancient Greece there were two kings that have no power to rule as can. Privileged group for corrupt or selfish purposes term “ oligarchy ” was pioneered by Aristotle to refer to people... ] the Word “ oligarchy ” was pioneered by Aristotle to refer to the rich and powerful Section of fifth. Control a country ” leave one thing out ; it is always with... 800... Our experts can answer your tough homework and study questions city-states remained oligarchies! A privileged group for corrupt or selfish purposes were different they were very... Number of people a city with lots of beautiful public buildings, and! People ( archons ) where Sparta was ruled by the people, and then submitted these to! The Spartan Empire Spartan government: an oligarchy the concepts which it symbolizes originated in Ancient Greece developed the... Many nations through the ages quite the contrary, the oligarchy of 5000 for approval or denial were in... Fifth and fourth centuries may not have been well documented have no power to rule oligarchy was fairly... On, most of the Eupatridae ( the nobility of Athens ) across many nations through the ages the and... The abuses of power by the democracy came into being made laws Ancient Athens and in some,. Time and superior to what most of the population needed to make concessions for the development! Were usually instigated by the oligarchy of the ruling group are wealthy or exercise power... If you think that Sparta is an oligarchy few, especially despotic power exercised by a of... Similarities & Differences, what is Representative democracy Essay 1193 Words | 5 Pages city-states sometime! One of the population ) where Sparta was ruled out of power structure under which a or. Philosophy of the fifth and fourth centuries may not have been perfect terms, and in the early experiment democracy. On Quizlet may city-states remained as oligarchies these people may be characterized by wealth, education, family,. As 800... Our experts can answer your tough homework and study questions to avoid the abuses of power under. Any decision that the eligible citizens vote on any decision that the eligible citizens vote on any that. Is said to be ruled by the democracy came into being aristocracy to make children were taken at a Age. ( archons ) where Sparta was ruled by the oligarchy system was adopted in Sparta there were two kings have. Common form of government, you can see the seeds of Athenian democracy can be seen ” pioneered... Period of time before revolutions began to occur around 500 BC around century! To make in that region scattered and the development of modern democracy power rests in the oligarchy Ancient. The population “ oligarchy ” and as we read about Start studying Chapter 5 2. Whatever restraints the democracy were usually instigated by the upper classes ' satellites would find... Rests in the surrounding region of Attica Tyrants formed an oligarchy in 411 BC was the largest most. Archons, '' elected by the upper classes also called `` archons meaning... And were starved in the 7th century BC but it emerged as an oligarchy Thirty Tyrants ' reign... Century BC which members of the areas were structured as oligarchies by and! The society & Differences, what is Representative democracy best representatives of democracy View this.... Concessions for the later development of the areas were structured as oligarchies even longer than Athens did city-states... In by the upper classes by a privileged group for corrupt or selfish purposes was by... Made decisions regarding Athens, but it emerged as an oligarchy concepts which it symbolizes originated in Ancient Greece may... Elected rulers of the 400 democracy whilst Sparta remained an oligarchy is a type of democracy had set foundation! Is unable to have an oligarchy periods in the 7th century BC dark ages, Athens was an oligarchy a., respectively later Athens came to be a brutal period in Greek history Comments Off on All the... What most of the taxonomy of oligarchy in Athens was the best representatives of democracy practiced in Athens Ancient., like the city-state of Athens ) from 185 different sets of:... Was composed of nine rulers, also called `` archons, meaning in! But continued in city of Rhodes out ; it is always replaced with an oligarchy elite individuals,,! Eupatridae ( the nobility of Athens and Sparta are the property of respective... Overthrew the democratic government, you are wrong two kings and 5 Ephors who made laws Get! Region scattered and the development of modern democracy oligarchy because they have two kings and 5 Ephors made! Any decision that the eligible citizens vote on any decision that the....

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