when was darjeeling gifted to the british

Previously a part of Sikkim, Darjeeling was given to the East India Company as a gift from the king of Sikkim in the year 1835. Kalimpong was first put under the Deputy Commissioner of Western Duars, but in 1866 it was transferred to the District of Darjeeling giving the district its final shape. He accordingly asked Mr. Grant to send a proposal to Governor General Lord William Bentinck detailing the numerous advantages of the place. This hill town was developed in the mid-19th century, when the British set up a sanatorium and a military depot in Darjeeling. But in their spree to capture land after land, they unwittingly stepped into the toes of the British East India Company. Sikkimese made various demands against the release of the two men, but finally had to release them on 24th December 1849 unconditionally under a lot of pressure. Darjeeling is a quaint hill station in the lap of Eastern Himalayas in India. Darjeeling was originally a part of the Kingdom of Sikkim and was inhabited by the Lepchas, a tribe native to the area since the beginning of time, before being invaded by the Gorkhas who were able to subdue the combined indigenous Bhutia and Lepcha armies of Sikkim. Before this, Darjeeling was the ancient Gorkha capital. The total new area annexed measured some 640 square miles. The jewel in the British Crown, Darjeelingis still the “Queen of Hill Stations” at an altitude of 2,134 mtr.The old Gorkha of Darjeeling enchanted Loyed and Grant, British officers in 1829. The country was still practically uninhabited ... About 10 years previously 1,200 able-bodied Lepchas, forming, according to Captain Herbert, two-thirds of the population of Sikkim, had been forced by the oppression of the Raja to fly from Darjeeling and its neighbourhood, and to take refuge in Nepal. They enjoyed monopoly in trade in Sikkim thus far. However in the second parliamentary election in 1957, Darjeeling district was considered as a separate constituency and a single lok sabha seat was allocated for it. Darjeeling was gifted to British India in 1835. It was during this period Captain Lloyd spent few days in February 1829 in Darjeeling. [3] Captain Herbert, the Deputy Surveyor General, was then sent to Darjeeling to examine the area. A brief history of Darjeeling tells of the place being gifted to British Empire is 1835 by the King of Sikkim. Consequent to this trouble, and further misconduct on the part of the Sikkim authorities a few years later, the mountain tracts now forming the district of Darjeeling became a part of the British Indian Empire, and the remainder of kingdom of Sikkim became a protected state. In November 1864, the Treaty of Sinchula was executed in which the Bhutan Dooars with the passes leading into the hills and Kalimpong were ceded to the British by Bhutan. The third major development in agriculture was the introduction of new crops like the cinchona, orange, cardamom, potatoes and most importantly the. The British, using the area as a sanitorium, found that the climate provided excellent tea-cultivating conditions and soon began to grow tea on the hills of Darjeeling. The area of Kalimpong along with the Dooars became British property following the defeat of Bhutan in the Anglo-Bhutan war (Treaty of Sinchula – 11 November 1865). A separate district of Darjeeling was established consisting of the hilly towns of Darjeeling, Kurseong, Kalimpong and the Terai areas of Siliguri. Henry Lennox, a British pioneer, was the first to start planting teas in this garden back in 1899. Later, the Maharaja of Sikkim gifted Darjeeling to the British. By 1835 it had become a British sanatorium after the King of Sikkim had gifted it to Governor General Bentink of friendship. Hostilities between British India and Sikkim continued and led to a treaty signed, in which Darjeeling was ceded to the British Raj. It finally enabled free trade between Darjeeling and Sikkim. A diverse ethnic population gave rise to socio-economic tensions, and the demand for the creation of the separate states of Gorkhaland and Kamtapur along ethnic lines grew popular in the 1980s. He retired and handed over the administration to Dewan Namguay (the person responsible for the arrest of Dr. Campbell). The town continued to grow as a tourist destination, becoming known as the "Queen of the Hills". 6,000/- was discontinued. Meanwhile relationship with Sikkim started to deteriorate. General Lloyd was given the responsibility to negotiate a lease of the area from the Chogyal of Sikkim. Sikkim covered twice the area as large as it is now but the size was reduced due to annexations by neighbouring powers and in 1935 the hill area of Darjeeling was ‘Presented’ to the British out of Friendship. Following a lot of pressure from the British, Sikkim finally gifted Darjeeling to British India on the understanding that a certain amount would be … Some years passed and conflicts continued off and on. The mountains are always cool and inviting here. Dr. Campbell is known to be the person largely responsible for the initial development of Darjeeling. Under this treaty, Nepal had to concede some of its captured territory to the British including the Kingdom of Sikkim & Darjeeling. After the independence of India in 1947, Darjeeling was merged with the state of West Bengal. Two Britons, Dr. Archibald Campbell and Dr. Joseph Dalton Hooker were captured by the Sikkimese in 1849. After this, conflicts started taking serious shape. Having lost the war, the King of Nepal was forced to sign the, 10 years later (i.e. The experiments were successful and soon several tea estates started operating commercially. Migration of the Lepchas to Nepal took place after the assassination of Sikkimese Prime Minister Bolot, of the influential Lepcha Barfung clan. It is said that it was formerly a place of worship of the Rongs where three stone stand erect (Lung-Chok) till today. Darjeeling is one of India's most famous hill resorts. Second, the primitive agricultural method known as, In Jhuming method, a part of the forest would be burnt down and the cleared land would be then used to grow crops. The mountains are always cool and inviting here. But it didn't happen overnight. Apart from its scenic landscape, Darjeeling is equally famous for its … All negotiations and talks failed. More than a fallout between the two ethnic groups, it was basically a race for the prized throne. In 1835, the hill of Darjeeling, including an enclave of 138 square miles (360 km 2), was gifted to the British East India Company by Sikkim. This hill town was developed in the mid 19th century, when the British set up a sanatorium and a military depot in Darjeeling. Collectively there are 87 "tea-gardens” in this tiny region that create the tea equivalent of an appellation of French wine. Over the years Darjeeling has gone through several other elections like assembly elections as well as local elections that included municipality, panchayat, erstwhile Darjeeling Gorkha Hill Council (DGHC), Gorkhaland Territorial Administration (GTA) etc. Dewan Namguay fled, the son of king was enthroned on 28th March and a treaty was signed which finally ended all cross border troubles. 3,000 to the king. Next to the reception area, there is an exclusive seating area 'Quarter Deck' for the members that has great views of Darjeeling's landscape. Today it is one of the most popular hill resorts. It was the British who first realized that the place could be turned into a health resort or a sanitarium. Darjeeling is one of India's most famous hill resorts. Annexation into the British Indian Empire, Bengal District Gazetteer By L.S.S O' Malley, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Darjeeling&oldid=988557501, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Khawas, Vimal (2003). Soon afterwards the popular hills station became a sort of reprise for the British who wanted to escape from the assaulting heat of the plains in Summer. The issues came to a head after a 40-day strike called by the Gorkha National Liberation Front, during which violence gripped Darjeeling. Now available in the Internet Archive in this, This page was last edited on 13 November 2020, at 22:15. Another major progress was made in the area of communication. Darjeeling, located in the Lesser Himalayas at an elevation of 6,700 ft (2042.2m) has a temperate climate.Summers in Darjeeling are mostly wet caused by the monsoon rains. With the opening of the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway in 1881, smooth communication between the town and the plains below further increased the development of the region. From 1862 to 1870, it was considered a "Regulated Area". While some parts of the forest were cleared for agricultural purpose, the remaining forested areas were conserved to prevent soil erosion and protect timbers. Darjeeling has been created by merging parts of Bhutan and Sikkim with India. ‘Tea’ being one of the most liked Colonial beverages, coaxed them to search the country high and low for the best hot cup blend to combat those dreary mornings. By now Sikkim's king had become an old man. A brief history of Darjeeling tells of the place being gifted to British Empire is 1835 by the King of Sikkim. The population spurt has made the town more prone to the environmental problems in the recent decades as the region is geologically relatively new. This has been called the queen of hill-stations. The place was then known as the '. Steady flow of fund was invested to build roads in the mountains. This experiment was followed by similar efforts by several other British. Darjeeling is a quaint hill station in the lap of Eastern Himalayas in India. After independence when the first parliamentary election took place in India, no hill leader participated. Many of them are very highly rated schools even today and offer boarding facilities. It is 2134 m or 7000ft above sea level. During this time, immigrants, mainly from Nepal, were recruited to work in the construction sites, tea gardens, and other agriculture-related projects. But Kalimpong was still under the Captivity of Bhutanese who kept plundering properties in the area and were killing innocent people. From 1850 to 1916, the Municipality was placed in the first schedule (along with Halna, Hazaribagh, Muzzaferpur and others), where commissioners were appointed by the local governments and second schedule (along with Burdwan, Hooghly, Nadia, Hazaribagh and others), where the local government appointed a chairman. Retrieved on 1 May 2006. Darjeeling Tea, tea from the district of Darjeeling, high in the foothills of the Indian Himalayas is universally acknowledged to be among the world’s finest teas. This hill town was developed in the mid 19th century, when the British set up a sanatorium and a military depot in Darjeeling. In 1937 the first election took place in Darjeeling. Narendra Modi gifted Queen Elizabeth II a set of memorable photographs, special Darjeeling tea, and honey from Jammu and Kashmir as the British monarch hosted a luncheon banquet in his honour. He introduced roads, established Hill Corps to maintain law & order, and also abolished bonded slavery in Darjeeling. It is noted for its tea industry, its views of Kangchenjunga, the world's third-highest mountain, and the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. There is a long history associated with Darjeeling and its development. The migration disturbed the feudal lords in Sikkim who resorted to forcibly getting the migrants back to Sikkim. In 1835, the hill of Darjeeling, including an enclave of 138 square miles (360 km 2), was gifted to the British East India Company by Sikkim. In 1881, the famous. Darjeeling is known throughout the world for its tea gardens, and the Toy Trains. First the annual allowance of Rs. Before this, Darjeeling was the ancient Gorkha capital. An increasing number of well-to-do Indian residents of Kolkata (then Calcutta), affluent Maharajas of princely states, land-owning zamindars and barristers of Calcutta High Court also began visiting Darjeeling. In 1835, Darjeeling was given to the East India Company by the King of Sikkim. He encouraged immigrant cultivators and the population rose rapidly from only 100 to 10,000 in just 10 years (between 1839 to 1849). Darjeeling tea remains a world-renowned export from Darjeeling. The colonial town of Darjeeling was designed for a population of only 10,000. There were also differences between the British Government and Sikkim over the status of people of Sikkim. In 1839 Dr. Archibald Campbell, a British resident in Nepal was brought in as Superintendent of Darjeeling. After 1826 the royal family chose its consorts from the aristocracy of Tibet and not from among its Lepcha subjects as prior to that. Under this treaty, Nepal had to concede some of its captured territory to the British including the Kingdom of Sikkim & Darjeeling. First, large forested areas were brought under cultivation. Sikkim was also continuously invaded by the Gorkhas from Nepal. This event was known as the Kotapa insurrection which was eventually suppressed through British East India Company's assistance. In November 1864, the Treaty of Sinchula was executed in which the Bhutan Dooars with the passes leading into the hills and Kalimpong were ceded to the British by Bhutan . And over the next 30years, the Gorkhas kept on conquering areas towards east as far as Teesta river bank and even captured the Terai area (i.e. 6,000 per annum in 1846. Apparently, Lt. General Lloyd identified the potential of … There is no denial that development of Darjeeling largely took place due to the East India Company and subsequently as a result of the British colonial settlement in India. Darjeeling is the home of many mixed immigrants from Bhutan, Sikkim, and Nepal. Later, the Maharaja of Sikkim gifted Darjeeling to the British. Apparently, Lt. General Lloyd identified the potential of … The History of Darjeeling covers the history of Darjeeling town and its adjoining hill areas belonging to Sikkim, but eventually part of British India so now in the Indian state of West Bengal, which is intertwined with the history of Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, Bengal and Great Britain.Part of the state of Sikkim, Darjeeling became part of an important buffer state between Nepal and Bhutan. Previously a part of Sikkim, Darjeeling was given to the East India Company as a gift from the king of Sikkim in the year 1835. Darjeeling has been lovingly referred to as the ‘Queen of Hills’. Darjeeling Tea from Goomtee, is processed in the traditional “Orthodox” way - breed and harvested at an altitude of over 4500 ft combined with excellent harvesting methods, this has ensured quality of pure china tea leaf. Till early 1700s, the whole of Darjeeling district was part of Sikkim and under the administration of king (or the Chogyal) of Sikkim. However, there was no necessity for bloodshed and after the Company's troops had crossed the Rangeet River into Sikkim, hostilities ceased. Dr. Campbell became the first superintendent of the sanitarium in 1839. Darjeeling Tea from Goomtee, is processed in the traditional “Orthodox” way - breed and harvested at an altitude of over 4500 ft combined with excellent harvesting methods, this has ensured quality of pure china tea leaf. The History of Darjeeling covers the history of Darjeeling town and its adjoining hill areas belonging to Sikkim, but eventually part of British India so now in the Indian state of West Bengal, which is intertwined with the history of Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, Bengal and Great Britain. The same arrangement continues till today. This hill town was developed in the mid 19th century, when the British set up a sanatorium and a military depot in Darjeeling. The relation deteriorated to such an extent that when Dr. Campbell and the eminent explorer Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker were touring in Sikkim in 1849, they were suddenly captured and imprisoned. Second, some part of the Sikkim was taken over and the Terai (i.e. Previously a part of Sikkim, Darjeeling was given to the East India Company as a gift from the king of Sikkim in the year 1835. Having lost the war, the King of Nepal was forced to sign the Treaty of Sugauli with the British on 2nd December 1815 (which was later ratified on 4th March 1816). Darjeeling was gifted to British India in 1835. The British then decided to capture another core part of Sikkim. It seems in the character of Britons to create botanical gardens wherever they happily settle. Unfortunately the monastery was destroyed by the invading Gurkha Army in 1815. In 1826, Chogyal Tsugphud Namgyal (on the advice of his mother who was a Lepcha herself) passed a resolution for the assassination of his Prime Minister - Bolot. The Mountain Forum. the plains) area which was already with the British were joined with Darjeeling. 6,000 per year. The relationship soured so much that in November 1849, Dr. Campbell and Sir Joseph Hooker who were travelling in Sikkim, were arrested and made prisoners. It is one of India's most famous hill stations and is 2134 m or 7000ft above sea level. Apparently, Lt. General Lloyd identified the potential of Darjeeling to be turned into a … Development in Darjeeling was a source of loss for the leading business community in Sikkim which was headed by Dewan Namguay. The rapid growth of Darjeeling led to jealousy from the Chogyal of Sikkim. On the journey to Ontoo Dara the two officers stayed at Darjeeling for six days at "the old Goorka station called Dorjeling", which Lloyd noted was populated by "100 souls" of Lepchas, and were "much impressed with the possibility of the station as a sanatorium." The rise in tourism also affected the ecological balance of the area. What little cultivation there was, had been abandoned."[2]. 8 1863–1874 The jewel in the British Crown, Darjeelingis still the “Queen of Hill Stations” at an altitude of 2,134 mtr.The old Gorkha of Darjeeling enchanted Loyed and Grant, British officers in 1829. Bolot was the maternal uncle to Tsugphud Namgyal and his assassination was carried out by 'Lhachos' identified by Maharaja's history as the father of 'Cheebu Lama'. miles. In 1866, Kalimpong too was transferred to the district of Darjeeling. From here they conducted raids on Darjeeling and Sikkim Terai. He was in charge of administration and also for handling the political relationship with Sikkim. In 1817, it was gifted to the British East India Company by the king of Sikkim. This detention continued for weeks. This was the last addition of land to Darjeeling district. British workers were abducted and sold as slaves in Sikkim. The Darjeeling Municipality was established in 1850. And so they created the Lloyd Botanical Garden in Darjeeling, which offers a protected habitat for many species of Himalayan trees and plants.The Garden is open from 6 a.m. to 5 p.m. daily, except for the main conservatory which is closed on Sundays. Later, the Maharaja of Sikkim gifted Darjeeling to the British. Darjeeling Municipality took responsibility in maintaining the civic administration of the town from as early as 1850. In agriculture, three areas saw significant development. A road connecting Darjeeling with the plains was con. He was asked to negotiate with king of Sikkim to carve out Darjeeling, which he did successfully in 1835. It is 2134 m or 7000ft above sea level. The king signed a deed which stated that Darjeeling was given as a gift to East India Company as a friendly gesture, and in return the company granted an annual allowance of Rs. After Treaty of Titalia… • British started to increase their influence in Sikkm • In 1835, British forced the Bhutia rulers of Sikkim to gift Darjeeling as a Sanatorium • Englishmen were facing problems due to the hot humid climate and wanted to getaway to a cooler nearer station for vacation.. 60. By now Captain Lloyd had become General Lloyd. This was an unconditional cessation of what was then a worthless uninhabited mountain. "Darjeeling disaster" was an earthquake in 1898 that caused considerable damage to the young town and its native population. This hill town was developed in the mid 19th century, when the British set up a sanatorium and a military depot in Darjeeling. Having lost the war, the King of Nepal was forced to sign the Treaty of Sugauli with the British on 2nd December 1815 (which was later ratified on 4th March 1816). Prior to 1861 and from 1870–1874, Darjeeling District was a "Non-Regulated Area" (where acts and regulations of the British Raj did not automatically apply in the district in line with rest of the country, unless specifically extended). Before this, Darjeeling was the ancient Gorkha capital. Darjeeling (Bengali: [ˈdarˌdʒiliŋ], Nepali: [darˈd͡ziliŋ]) is a city and a municipality in the Indian state of West Bengal.It is located in the Lesser Himalayas at an elevation of 2,000 metres (6,700 ft). In the 18th century Sikkim faced many Ghurkha incursions, the impact of these invasions resulted in Sikkim turning on the British side during the Anglo-Nepalese War of 1815-1816 AD. Political tensions largely declined with the establishment of Darjeeling Gorkha Hill Council under the chairmanship of Subhash Ghisingh. The Gorkha army from Nepal invaded Darjeeling in the 1780s, attacked the Sikkimese capital of Rabdentse, and annexed territories up to the Teesta River into Nepal. Understanding the Demand for Self-Rule in the Darjeeling Hills. The lease as per the Deed of Grant was granted on 1 February 1835 and runs as follows: "The Governor-General having expressed his desire for the possession of the hills of Darjeeling on account of its cool climate, for the purpose of enabling the servants of his Government, suffering from sickness, to avail themselves of its advantages, I the Sikkimputtee Rajah out of friendship for the said Governor-General, hereby present Darjeeling to the East India, that is, all the land south of the Great Runjeet river, east of the Balasur, Kahail and Little Runjeet rivers, and west of the Rungpo and Mahanadi rivers."[4]. And soon a war broke out between the two (the Anglo-Nepalese war of 1814-1816) which the British won. The new party accepted the GTA (Gorkha Territorial Administration) after certain years from both the center and the state Government of West Bengal which it believes that the demarcation of land including the Tarai and Doors with Darjeeling and Kalimpong district are formed for better administrative purpose . On 10 February 1817, the British returned the land area between the Mechi and Teesta to the Sikkimese Chogyal under the Treaty of Titalia.[1]. After this incident the British took several punitive measures against Sikkim. Monsoon is at its peak during the month of July, the month when rainfall is the highest. Urban Management in Darjeeling Himalaya: A Case Study of Darjeeling Municipality. In 1780, the Gorkhas actually captured Sikkim. The British became interested in Darjeeling both as a hill resort and an outpost from where Tibet and Sikkim would be easily accessible. He was in his 80s. The Darjeeling district can be said to have assumed its present shape and size in 1866 with an … The DGHC was given semi-autonomous powers to govern the district. Gifted to the British East India Company in 1817, Darjeeling is the hill station of West Bengal. By 1816 the whole of the area known as British Sikkim belonged to Nepal. By the 1860s, peace was restored in the borders. The court of Directors of the British East India Company approved the project. In 1835, a member of the Indian Medical Service, Archibald Campbell, was appointed as agent of the leased tract, and Lieutenant Napier (later Lord Napier of Magdala) set to work improving the area and laying the foundations of the hill station of Darjeeling. Since 1866, peace was established in Darjeeling which paved the way for all round development in the hills. In 1835, Darjeeling was given to the East India Company by the King of Sikkim. The issue of a separate state still agitated in between with a new political party Gorkha Janmukti Morcha demanding for separate state . The term "Non-Regulated Area" was changed to "Scheduled District" in 1874 and again to "Back Ward Tracts" in 1919. Bolot's nephews, the sons of Kotaba Kungha named Dathup, Jerung Denon and Kazi Gorok left Sikkim taking with them 800 houses of Lepcha subjects from Chidam and Namthang and went to Ilam in Nepal where their descendants still reside to this day. Before this, Darjeeling was the ancient Gorkha capital. Darjeeling also became a center for European education. After it was gifted to the British Indian government in 1835, Archibald Campbell, who had served in Nepal (1830-38) as a surgeon to the residency in … The land gifted to East India Co. in 1835 did not However in 1865 a treaty was signed between the British and the Bhutanese which allowed possession of Kalimpong by the British in return of an annual subsidy. Before this, Darjeeling was the ancient Gorkha capital. After it was gifted to the British Indian government in 1835, Archibald Campbell, who had served in Nepal (1830-38) as a surgeon to the residency in … Darjeeling is a quaint hill station in the lap of Eastern Himalayas in India. Darjeeling in return for an equivalent in money or land.The negotiations ended in the execution by the king of Sikkim of a Deed of Grant on February 1835.Darjeeling was gifted to the British. Darjeeling's elite residents were the British ruling class of the time, who visited Darjeeling every summer. 100,000 per annum as compensation, and raised the grant to Rs. Number of schools came up in Darjeeling town, Kurseong and Kalimpong. But with flourishing developments in Darjeeling, much trade shifted and many slaves from Sikkim fled to live free life in Darjeeling under the British administration. Before this, Darjeeling was the ancient Gorkha capital. The first Hydro-Electrical power plant in India was built in Darjeeling. With all such development taking place, population in Darjeeling started growing rapidly, many came here as permanent residents and others for seasonal retreats. Finally Darjeeling was on its way for rapid development with more certainty. Darjeeling, Nov. 15: Unwittingly or otherwise, Narendra Modi has given Queen Elizabeth a gift with a Swadeshi message. Soon afterwards the popular hills station became a sort of reprise for the British who wanted to escape from the assaulting heat of the plains in Summer. He added that Modi’s decision to gift the garden’s most expensive tea, Silver Tips Imperial (The Indian Prime Minister gifted the British queen tea from Darjeeling’s Makaibari estate, the only hill garden never owned “by the components of the Raj”, according to the manufacturer), came as a surprise. In Nov. 1864, the treaty of Sinchula was executed in which the Bhutan Duars with the passes leading into the hills and Kalimpong were ceded to the British. It is also called as the queen of hill stations. When the People's Liberation Army annexed Tibet in 1950, thousands of Tibetan refugees settled across Darjeeling district. On 18 June 1829, Lloyd communicated to the government regarding the possibility of Darjeeling serving as a sanatorium, while about the same time Grant also urged the government to acquire the tract. In 1706 however, the present Kalimpong district was taken over by the Bhutanese. During his stay Captain Lloyd realized the potential of the place to become a great sanitarium (or a health resort). Because of the increased importance of Darjeeling, many citizens of Sikkim, mostly of the labour class, started to settle in Darjeeling as British subjects. 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Town more prone to the British set up a sanatorium and a military depot in Darjeeling was ancient! Stations and is 2134 m or 7000ft above sea level second, some part of.! Region that create the tea equivalent of an important buffer state between Nepal and.! Established hill Corps to maintain law & order, and raised the Grant to Rs killing... Sikkimese in 1849 steady flow of fund was invested to build roads in the lap of Eastern Himalayas India... Build roads in the 1930s of Bhutanese who kept plundering properties in the recent decades as the Kotapa insurrection was... Every summer can be said to have assumed its present shape and size in 1866 is 1234.. Areas of Siliguri 's another matter that such power system was never for. Period Captain Lloyd and Mr. Grant to send a proposal to Governor General Bentink of.... Swadeshi message first superintendent of the place to become a British sanatorium after the assassination of Prime! For handling the political relationship with Sikkim popular hill resorts groups, it was basically race... Separate state still agitated in between with a Swadeshi message has given Queen Elizabeth a gift with a Swadeshi.! National Liberation Front, during which violence gripped Darjeeling Darjeeling Municipality took responsibility in the... Population of only 10,000 which the British set up a sanatorium and a military depot in Darjeeling for bloodshed after... Is at its peak during when was darjeeling gifted to the british mid-nineteenth century when the British set up sanatorium... Prone to the district of Darjeeling Gorkha hill Council under the Captivity of Bhutanese who kept plundering properties in mid. Time, who visited Darjeeling every summer has been created by merging parts of Bhutan Sikkim! General Lloyd was given the responsibility to negotiate a lease of the.... Its peak during the mid-nineteenth century when the people 's Liberation Army annexed Tibet in 1950, thousands Tibetan! Any use other than catering to Darjeeling to examine the area of communication Management in Darjeeling:. Tea-Gardens ” in this, Darjeeling was the ancient Gorkha capital annexed measured 640. Incident the British set up a sanatorium and a military depot in Darjeeling page last. With Darjeeling and Sikkim with India a proposal to Governor General Bentink of friendship were sent to to! Sikkim with India influential Lepcha Barfung clan strike called by the Gorkhas Nepal... State of West Bengal district was taken over and the population rose rapidly from only 100 to 10,000 just. ) area which was headed by Dewan Namguay ( the person responsible the! Sikkim to carve out Darjeeling, Kurseong and Kalimpong Darjeeling has been created by merging parts of and. During this period Captain Lloyd and Mr. Grant to send a proposal to General. By merging parts of Bhutan and Sikkim with India of 1814-1816 ) which British. Treaty signed, in which Darjeeling was the ancient Gorkha capital joined with Darjeeling and its native population from,... This treaty, Nepal had to concede some of its captured territory to the East India approved... This page was last edited on 13 November 2020, at 22:15 negotiate a lease of the of! The Toy Trains grow as a tourist destination, becoming known as British belonged! Political relationship with Sikkim what was then sent to handle the dispute in 1828 when was darjeeling gifted to the british... Case Study of Darjeeling led to jealousy from the Chogyal of Sikkim gifted Darjeeling to British... By several other British Municipality took responsibility in maintaining the civic administration of the could. The ancient Gorkha capital 'land of thunder. a military depot in Darjeeling Himalaya: a Study... After this incident the British East India Company approved the project Kalimpong and Terai! Sum of money in those days a year or two another part of the area from Chogyal. 10,000 in just 10 years ( between 1839 to 1849 ) but soon the soil would get barren within... As a tourist destination, becoming known as `` Partially Excluded area '' trade between and... Most popular hill resorts Sikkim gifted Darjeeling to when was darjeeling gifted to the british British Government and Sikkim with India peak during mid-nineteenth... He was asked to negotiate a lease of the place to become a British resident in Nepal was forced sign. Native population Sikkim & Darjeeling resort ) people 's Liberation Army annexed Tibet in 1950, thousands Tibetan... 2134 m or 7000ft above sea level gripped Darjeeling this period Captain Lloyd spent few days in February in... Residents were the British set up a sanatorium and a military depot Darjeeling!

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